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NATIVE PLANT LIST for Hawaii

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Hawaii. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.

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  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS    GRASSES  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
 

Koa
Wiliwili
Ohi'a
Halapepe
Loulu

Acacia koa
Erythrina sandwicensis
Metrosideros polymorpha
Pleomele auwahiensis
Pritchardia spp.
50'+


20'
25-60'
Wide tree endemic to Hawaii. Wood used for carving.
Drought-tolerant. Large, beautiful flowers.
The lehua flowers feeds most native HI birds.
Endemic to Hawaii, currently endangered.
Fan palm traditionally used to thatch roofs.
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Ewa Hinahina
Maile
'Anapanapa
'A'ali'i
Ma'o
Ma'o Hau Hele
Naio
'Ulei
Beach Naupaka
'Ilima
Pohinahina

Achyranthes splendens
Alyxia oliviformis
Colubrina asiatica
Dodonaea viscosa
Gossypium tomentosum
Hibiscus brackenridgei
Myoporum sandwicense

Osteomeles anthyllidifolia
Scaevola sericea
Sida fallax
Vitex rotundifolia



F-P





F



D-A


D
D

2-6'

3-10'

1.5-5'
3-15'


3-10'
5-10'

Small, silvery grey-green shrub.
Small flowers represent the 4 mythic Maile sisters of hula.
Tough. Can be vine-like. Wind- and salt-tolerant.
Wind-tolerant. Round. Bright red seeds.
Bright yellow flowers year-round.
Hawaiian state flower. Large yellow flowers.
Smells of sandalwood. Conspicuous flowers.
White, fragrant blossoms. Round fruit.
Dense, spreading. White/cream colored fragrant flowers.
Popular lei flowers.
Drought-tolerant. Hardy. Velvety, silvery leaves.
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Flowering Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
 

Nehe
'Uki 'Uki
'

Lipochaeta integrifolia
Dianella sandwicensis


 

Small, sprawling plant with small yellow flowers.
Durable plant with purple berries used for dye.
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennial Ferns          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Pala Palai
'Ama'u
Microlepia strigosa
Sadleria pallida






Used in ceremonies and in making leis.
2'-3' fronds change color with age.
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Grasses & Grass-like          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
   



 

 

 

 

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS    GRASSES  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

2. East Maui Watershed Partnership

3. Hawaiian Ethnobotany Online Database

4. PlantNative Staff.


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