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NATIVE PLANT LIST for Georgia, Alabama & Mississippi

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


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  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.
    Comments
 
  Red Maple
Florida Maple
Indigo Bush
Paw Paw
River Birch
Ironwood
Eastern Redbud
Pagoda Dogwood
Swamp Dogwood
Parsley Hawthorne
Mayhaw
Titi
Silverbell
Cassine Holly
Deciduous Holly
American Holly
Yaupon Holly
Sweetgum
Tulip Tree
Southern Magnolia
Sweet Bay Magnolia
Southern Crabapple
Wax Myrtle
Black Gum
Swamp Bay
Spruce Pine
Longleaf Pine
Cherry Laurel
Black Cherry
White Oak
Cherrybark Oak
Swamp Chestnut Oak
Nuttall Oak
Willow Oak
Live Oak
Winged Sumac
Pond Cypress
Bald Cypress
Winged Elm
Cedar Elm

Acer rubrum
Acer Saccharum
Amorpha fruticosa
Asimina triloba
Betula nigra
Carpinus caroliniana
Cercis canadensis
Cornus alternifolia
Cornus stricta
Crataegus marshallii
Crataegus opaca
Cyrilla racemiflora
Halesia diptera
Ilex cassine
Ilex decidua
Ilex opaca
Ilex vomitoria
Liquidambar styraciflua
Liriodendron tulipifera
Magnolia grandiflora
Magnolia virginiana
Malus angustifolia
Myrica cerifera
Nyssa sylvatica
Persea palustris
Pinus glabra
Pinus palustris
Prunus caroliniana
Prunus serotina
Quercus alba
Quercus falcata
Quercus michauxii
Quercus nuttallii
Quercus phellos
Quercus virginiana
Rhus coppalina
Taxodium ascendens
Taxodium distichum
Ulmus alata
Ulmus crassifolia
F
F-P
F-P
P-S
F
P-S
F-S
P-S
P-S
P-F
F
F-P
P-S
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F
F
F-S
P-F
F-P
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-S
F-S
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
W-D
A
A-W
A
A-W
W-A
A-D
W-D
W-A
W-A
W-A
W-A
A
W-A
A-W
A-D
W-D
W-A
A
A
W-A
D-A
W-A
A-D
W-A
D-A
D-A
D
D
D
W-A
W-A
W-A
W-A
D-A
D-W
W-A
W-D
D
W-A
50-75'
50-75'
6-18'
40'
40-70'
20-30'
20-30'
15-25'
30'
30'
35'
30'
35'
30'
25'
20-40'
30'
60-85'
70-90'
100'
60'
30'
25'
30-60'
40'
70'
100'+
30'
50-80'
60-90'
70-90'
80-95'
70-85'
75-90'
70-95'
30'
45'
65-90'
80'
80'
Buds & young twigs are red; great foll color
Excellent fall color; produces maple syrup
Fragrant compound foliage; 1/2" blue flwrs with orange
Unique fruit resembles & tastes like banana
Modest yellow fall color; seed attracts birds
Good street tree; yellow, orange & scarlet fall color
Clusters of pink flowers line branches in Apr
Clusters of white flowers turn to black berries
White flowers late spring; blue fleshy fruit in summer
White flwr clusters bloom in early spring; scarlet fruits
White flwr clusters (Feb); red fruit (Apr); thorny thicket
White fragrant racemes (May-Jun); brown seeds persist
Small white flowers hang from branches in early spring
Abundant reddish-orange fruit produced in fall
Bright red display of red fruits (on fem.) eaten by birds
To ensure fruit one male is needed per 2-3 females
Fem. plants bear red fruit in fall that persists in winter
Brilliant scarlet-red to red-purple fall color
Large tulip-like flowers are yellow, green, & orange
Large white flwrs (spring) become scarlet seeds (sum.)
White fragrant flwrs (spring) become red seeds (sum.)
Pink blooms (spring) become sm. apples that birds eat
Small blue-grey fruits on females last through winter
Scarlet red autumn color
Wildlife eats fruit; leaves used from seasoning cuisine
Short, twisted yellow-grn needles in pairs, oak-like bark
Long needles; slow, above ground growth when estab.
Small white flwrs (spring) become black fruits (fall)
Messy tree; sm.l edible berries in sumer attracts birds
Brown, red, wine fall color; acorns attract birds/squirrels
Flaky. reddish bark; good street tree
Reliable red fall color contrast with light gray bark
Acorn production heaviest every 4-7 yrs; good shade
Beautiful shade tree; good street tree; high branching
Short thick trunk with picturesque horizontal branching
Pyramidal yellow-green flwr spike with red berries in fall
Useful for soil stabilization at water edges
Reddish, peeling bark and rusty fall color
Corky wings often appear on its branches
Excellent street tree; late summer flowers, fall fruit
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.
    Comments
 
  Bottlebrush Buckeye
American Beautyberry
Sweetshrub
Buttonbush
Fringetree
Summersweet
Buckwheat Tree
Flowering Dogwood
Witch Alder
Dwarf Huckleberry
Witch Hazel
Oakleaf Hydrangea
Bigleaf Gallberry Holly
Winterberry Holly
Star Anise
Virginia Sweetspire
Mountain Laurel
Leucothoe
Lyonia
American Sweet Olive
Yellow Native Azalea
Honeysuckle Azalea
Summer Azalea
Staghorn Sumac
Dwarf Palmetto
Snowbell
Tree Huckleberry
Elliott's Blueberry
Arrow-wood Viburnum

Aesculus parviflora
Callicarpa americana
Calycanthus floridus
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Chionanthus virginicus
Clethra alnifolia
Cliftonia monophylla
Cornus florida
Fothergilla major
Gaylussacia dumosa
Hamamelis virginiana
Hydrangea quercifolia
Ilex coriacea
Ilex verticillata
Illicium floridanum
Itea virginica
Kalmia latifolia
Leucothoe axillaris
Lyonia lucida
Osmanthus americanus
Rhododendron austrinum
Rhododendron canescens
Rhododendron serrulatum
Rhus typhina
Sabal minor
Styrax americanus
Vaccinium arboreum
Vaccinium elliottii
Viburnum dentatum

F-P
F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-S
P-S
F-P
F-P
S-P
F-P
F-P
P-S
P-S
F-P
P-S
P-S
P-S
F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P

A
D-A
A
W
D-A
W-A
W-D
D-A
A
D-W
A-D
A
W-D
W-A
D-A
W-D
D-W
D-W
D-A
D-A
D-A
D-A
A-W
D-A
D-W
W-A
D-A
A-W
D-A

6-10'
4-6'
6-10'
6-12'
20'
2-4'
20'
25-30'
6-10'
4'
8-20'
6'
15'
6-10'
8'
3-6'
5'
3'
3'
20'
12'
12'
15'
20'
6'
10'
20'
12'
5-9'

6-24" spikes of flwrs; yell. fall color; attracts hummers
Sm. white-pink flwrs become berries that attract birds
Interesting red or maroon strawberry scented flowers
Fragrant flower clusters attract hummingbirds
White blooms (spring); fruit for wildlife; yellow fall color
Ivory white fragrant blooms in summer
Terminal white flwr clusters (winter); persist until spring
White flowers in spring become bird-attracting berries
Showy, fragrant flowers in spring
Small pink flowers become edible fruit; red fall color
Golden yellow flowers in fall; spectactular fall color
Oak-like leaves turn purple in fall; large white flowers
Large black fruit used by wildlife; good border plant
White flowers bloom in spring; berries persist in winter
Maroon starry flowers (spring); heavily scented leaves
White blooms early-sum; red/orange/maroon fall color
Terminal white flower clusters (Apr-May); wine fall color
Small fragrant white flwr clusters late winter-mid spring
Small, nodding bell-shaped white flowers in spring
Small, white lightly fragrant flowers in early spring
Rich yellow or orange blooms for 3 weeks (Apr-May)
Large, fragrant,flwr clusters form white-pink (Mar-Apr)
Extremely fragrant white flowers (Jun-Aug)
Red fall color; green flwr clusters become red fruit
Tropical leaves; round black fruit persists into winter
Numerous small white flowers (Apr-May)
Bell-shaped white flwrs; berries for wildlife, red fall color
White flwrs (Mar-May); edible black fruit; red fall color
Flowers May-Jun; small blue-black berries in fall
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Flowering Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.      Comments  
  Doll's eyes
Red Baneberry
Columbine
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Goat's Beard
Wild Ginger
Butterfly Weed
Wild Hyacinth
Blue Cohosh
Green n' Gold
Cohosh
Spring Beauty
Bead Lily
Pink Lady Slipper
Yellow Lady Slipper
Shooting Star
Mist Flower
Joe-Pye Weed
Queen of the Prairie
Wild Strawberry
Swamp Hibiscus
Spider Lily
Crested Iris
Red Flag
Blazing Star
Yellow Bell Lily
Turks Cap Lily
Cardinal Flower
Great Blue Lobelia
Coral Honeysuckle
Wild Lily of the Valley
Virginia Bluebells
Forget-me-not
Allegheny Spurge
Woodland Phlox
Jacob's Ladder
Black-eyed Susan
Oconee Bells
Fire Pink
Indian Pink
Celadine Poppy
White Trillium
Blue Violet
American Wisteria

Actaea alba
Actaea rubra
Aquilegia canadensis
Arisaema triphyllum
Aruncus dioicus
Asarum canadense
Asclepia tuberosa
Camassia scilloides
Caulophyllum thalictroides
Chrysogonum virginianum
Cimifuga racemosa
Claytonia virginica
Clintonia umbellulata
Cypripedium acaule
Cypripedium calceolus
Dodecathion meadia
Eupatorium coelestinum
Eupatorium purpurea
Filipendula rubra
Fragaria virginiana
Hibiscus coccineus
Hymenocallis caroliniana
Iris cristata
Iris fulva
Liatris spicata
Lilium canadense
Lilium superbum
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia siphilitica
Lonicera sempervirens
Maianthemum canadense
Mertensia virginica
Myosotis scorpiodes
Pachysandra procumbens
Phlox divartica
Polemonium reptans
Rudbeckia hirta
Shortia galacifolia
Silene virginica
Spigelia marilandica
Stylophorum diphyllum
Trillium grandiflora
Viola papilionacea
Wisteria frutescens
P-S
P-S
S-F
P-S
P-S
S
F-P
P-F
P-S
F-P
P-S
P
P-S
P-F
P-F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
P-F
F-P
F-P
F
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-S
P
P-S
F-S
S
F-P
P-S
F-P
P-S
S
S-P
P-S
F-P
A
A
A-D
A
A
A
A
A-D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
D-A
A
A
A
A
A
A
D-A
A
A
W-A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
D-A
A
A
A
A
A

1-2.5'
2'
24-36"
12+"
4-6'
4-6"
24-36"
1.5'
1-2'
8"
3-8'
5-10"
24-36"
8-12"
18-24"
10-16"
1-3'
48-80"
48-60"
6"
6-8'
8-12"
5-10"
24-36"
2-5'
6'
4-6'
24-54"
12-24"
15-25'
1-3"
12-24"
4-24"
9-12"
12-16"
12-18"
24-36"
3-6"
10-16"
1-2'
16-24"
8-16"
6-12"
30'

Sm. white flwrs (Apr-May); poisonous berries (Aug-Sep)
1/2" puffy white flowers become red poisonous berries
Interesting red/yellow flowers attract hummingbirds
Spathe appears Mar-May; red berries late sum-fall
6-10" plumes of small cream-colored flowers
Evergreen groundcover, glossy heart-shaped leaves
Clusters of brilliant orange flowers attract butterflies
Spike of light blue flowers; bulb
Small yellow-green flowers, clusters of blue berries
Large yellow flowers contrast green foliage spring-fall
Long slender clusters of white flowers in sum & fall
5-petaled white flowers with pink veins bloom Feb-May
Oval-shaped basal leaves; white flowers; ground cover
Distinctive red-streaked pink pouch; challenge to grow
Distinctive yellow pouch
Delicate white to pink petals, red & yellow centers
Dense clusters of blue flowers late summer until frost
Large pink flowers attract butterflies in droves Aug-Sep
Showy large pink plumes Jun-Jul
Spring flowers become tasty fruit in early summer
6" wide red flwrs are striking against large bold leaves
Beautiful unusual white flowers with six protrusions
Pale lavender-blue crested flowers Apr-May
Large copper flwrs in late spring; attracts hummingbirds
Bright pink-purple stalks of interesting flowers
3" yellow-orange flowers with dark spots; beautiful!
Gorgeous orange & yellow flowers; AM sun, PM shade
Terminal clusters of bright red 1.5" flowers in fall
Elongated clusters pale to dark blue flowers; late sum
Coral-red-yellow trumpet-shaped flwrs; berries for birds
White flowers in spring; red berries in late summer
Pink flower buds open to sky blue flowers Mar-Apr
Long flowering period of May-September
Mottled purple leaves; flowers are white with pink tinge
Covered with 1.5" soft pink/lavender flowers in spring
Terminal clusters of light blue, bell-shaped flowers, spr
2-4" flower heads with 10-20 bright yellow petals
Bell-shaped flower (early spr); evergreen ground cover
Deep red star-like flowers draw hummingbirds Apr-May
Showy red tubular flowers with yellow on the inside
2" wide lemon-yellow flowers
Showy white flower turns pink, has 3 petals; 3 leaves
Excellent ground cover with purple flowers in the spring
Large shrub vine with fragrant blue or pink flwr clusters
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennial Ferns          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.      Comments  
  Northern Maidenhair
Ebony Spleenwort
Lady Fern
Rattlesnake Fern
Hay-scented Fern
Marginal Fern
Ostrich Fern
Sensitive Fern
Cinnamon Fern
Royal Fern
Christmas Fern
New York Fern
Netted Chain Fern
Adiantum pedatum
Asplenium platyneuron
Athyrium felix-femina
Botrychium virginianum
Dennstaedia punctiloba
Dryopteris marginalis
Matteuccia struthiopteris
Onoclea sensibilis
Osmunda cinnamomea
Osmunda regalis
Polystichum acrostichoides
Thelypteris noveboracensis
Woodwardia areolata

P-S
P-S
S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P
F-P
P-S
P
P-S P-S
P-S

A
A
A-W
A
A
A-W
A
W
A-W
A-W
A
A-D
W-A

18-36"
6-12"
18-24"
2.5'
36"
18-24"
3-4'
12-24"
24-48"
2-6'
12-36"
12-18"
18-24"

Airy fan-shaped green fronds, delicate black stems
Small evergreen fern; dark green foliage; shiny stem
Delicate lacy arching fronds, red stems when mature
Deciduous ferm retains primitive features; one frond
Fronds small like hay when crushed
Evergreen fern; gray-green, deeply cut leathery fronds
Large, lustrous green arching fronds resemble a palm
Deeply pinnate.leaves; poisonous to livestock
Clusters of arching fronds; fertile fronds are brown
Bi-pinnate blade; pinnea resemble locust tree leaves
Stiff deep green fronds are once-pinnate
Light green foliage; fronds are tapered at both ends
Broadly triangular, deeply cut sterile fronds; striking

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Native Trees for Mississippi Landscapes. By Robert Brzuszek, Mississippi State University Extension Service in cooperation with US Department of Agriculture.
http://msucares.com/pubs/publications/p2330.pdf.

2. Native Shrubs for Mississippi Landscapes. By Robert Brzuszek, Mississippi State University Extension Service in cooperation with US Department of Agriculture.
http://msucares.com/pubs/publications/p2334.pdf.

3. Georgia Native Plant Society.
http://www.gnps.org.

4. PlantNative Staff.

Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
 

 

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