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NATIVE PLANT LIST for Arkansas, Louisiana, Eastern Oklahoma, and Eastern Texas

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Arkansas, Louisiana, Eastern Oklahoma, and Eastern Texas. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


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  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS    VINES    GRASSES  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Florida Maple
Red Maple
Chalk Maple
Red Buckeye
River Birch
Blue Beech
Hackberry
Redbud
Fringe Tree
Flowering Dogwood
Beech
White Ash
Green Ash
Two-winged Silverbell
Carolina Silverbell
Witch Hazel
Possum Haw
American Holly
Black Walnut
Sweet Gum
Tulip Tree
Cucumber Tree
Southern Magnolia
Sweetbay
Black Gum
Ironwood
Red Bay
Shortleaf Pine
Loblolly Pine
Sycamore
White Oak
Laurel Oak
Willow Oak
Carolina Buckthorn
Sassafras
Bald Cypress
Acer barbatum
Acer rubrum
Acer saccharum
Aesculus pavia
Betula nigra
Carpinus carolianiana
Celtis laevigata
Cercis canadensis
Chionanthus virginicus
Cornus florida
Fagus grandifolia
Fraxinus americana
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Halesia diptera
Halesia tetraptera
Hamamelis virginiana
Ilex decidua
Ilex opaca
Juglans nigra
Liquidambar styraciflua
Liriodendron tulipifera
Magnolia acuminata
Magnolia grandiflora
Magnolia virginiana
Nyssa sylvatica
Ostrya virginiana
Persea borbonia
Pinus echinata
Pinus taeda
Platanus occidentalis
Quercus alba
Quercus laurifolia
Quercus phellos
Rhamnus caroliniana
Sassafras albidum
Taxodium distichum

P
P-S
P
F-S
F-P
S
F-P
P-S
F-P
P
P
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
P
P
F-S
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
P
F-P
P-S
P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
P-S
F
F-P
W-A
W-D
A-D
W-A
W-A
W-A
W-A
A-D
W-A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
W-D
A
A
A
A
A
A
W
W-D
A
A
D
A
W-A
A-D
W-A
A
A
W-D
W-A

20-25'
60-100'
25-30'
10-15'
30-90'
35-50'
60-80'
15-30'
15-25'
20-50'
50-80+'
75-120'
50-75'
20-30'
20-60'
15-35'
15-30'
25-60'
50-70'
60-75'
40-100'
60-75'
50+'
12-20+'
30-60'
30-50'
20-65'
50-100'
60+'
75-100'
80-100'
40-60'
60+'
12-15'
35-50'
50-75'

Not as much fall clr as sug maple; seeds eaten by birds
One of 1st trees to show fall color; small red dense flwrs
Brilliant yellow-orange to crimson in fall; pest free
Salmon/red flwrs in spring; attracts hummers and bees
Multistemmed desired; seeds attract birds
Good street tree; scarlet fall color
Orange to blue-black, fruit attracts birds; yellow in fall
Rosy-pink flowers in spring; drought-tolerant; yellow in fall
Creamy white fragrant flowers in May; dark blue fruit in fall
4" white bracts in April; fruit attracts birds; red fall color
Hard to grow plants under; nuts attract birds/ squirrels
Purple in fall; larval plant for butterflies; seeds for birds
Adaptable tree; transplants well; green to purple flowers
White to pink, bell-shaped flowers in spring
Similar culture to dogwood; white, bell-shaped flowers
Creamy to bright yellow flowers in fall; golden fall color
White flwrs in spring; orange berries into winter (female)
Red berries into winter; must have both sexes for berries
Green, rounded fruit; edible nuts with rough black shell
Seeds eaten by birds; spiny fruit litters lawns
Cup-shaped, fragrant flowers in spring; attracts birds
Small, knobby fruit resembles a cucumber; attracts birds
Should be planted where lowest branches reach ground
2-3" white flwrs all summer; fruit attracts birds
Yellow, orange, red-purple fall color; honey plant for bees
Fruiting clusters; shreddy bark; common understory tree
Blue fruit in fall; larval plant for swallowtails; birds like fruit
Dark, blue-green needles; seeds eaten by birds
6-10" dark green leaves; most rapid growth of all pines
Round seeds; white, mottled bark; leaves drop all sum
Avoid planting near paved areas; red to wine fall color
Transplants well; shiny leaves; acorns
Yellow fall color; not as messy as some oaks
Yellowish fall color; fruit changes from red to black
Yellow, orange, pink, scarlet fall color; attracts birds
Cypress knees produced in or near water; orange fall color

 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Downy Serviceberry
False Indigo
Sea Myrtle
Americ. Beautyberry
Chinquapin
New Jersey Tea
Buttonbush
Burning Bush
Wild Hydrangea
Shrub. St. Johns Wort
Winterberry
Yaupon
Sweetspire
Spicebush
Maleberry
Sweet Azalea
Swamp Azalea
Shining Sumac
Smooth Sumac
Carolina Rose
Dwarf Palmetto
Elderberry
Silky camellia
American Silverbells
Sparkleberry
Black Haw

Amelanchier arborea
Amorpha fruticosa
Baccharis halimifolia
Callicarpa americana
Castanea pumila
Ceanothus americanus
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Euonymus atropurpureus
Hydrangea arborescens
Hypericum prolificum
Ilex verticillata
Ilex vomitoria
Itea virginica
Lindera benzoin
Lyonia lingustrina
Rhododendron canescens
Rhododendron viscosum
Rhus copallina
Rhus glabra
Rosa carolina
Sabal minor
Sambucus canadensis
Stewartia malacodendron
Styrax americana
Vaccinium arboreum
Viburnum prunifolium

F-S
F
F
P-S
P
F-P
S-P P-S
P-S
S
P-S
F-S
P
P
F-P

A-D
A-D
W
W-A
A-D
A-D
W-A
W-A
W-A
W-D
W-A
W-D
W-A
A
W-A

15-30"
6-10"
6-12"
to 6"
to 30"
2-3"
10-15"
20-25"
3-6"
3"
3-10"
12-25"
6-8"
3-12"
6-12"

Magenta fruit attracts birds; lrgst fruit of any serviceberry
Deep purple flowers with gold stamens attract butterflies
Female plant covered with shiny white "clouds" in fall
Small white to pink flowers in sumr; purple berries in fall
Spiked flowers; fall color; good food plant for wildlife
Long-lasting flowers; attracts birds, butterflies, hummers
Creamy white flowers in sumr; nutlets through winter
Purple flowers in June; persistent red seeds
White lace cap flowers; attracts bees
Yellow flowers; attracts birds; no appreciable fall color
Bright red berries on female plants into wint; attracts birds
White flowers; red berries; good screen plant; attracts birds
Red fall foliage; attracts butterflies; seeds eaten by birds
All parts edible and aromatic; glossy red fruit
White flowers in spring; fall color; honey plant
Red foliage; pink/white flwrs; attracts birds and butterflies
Fall color; fragrant, white flwrs in sumr; forms a thicket
Male + female plants; maroon fall foliage; attracts birds
Brilliant fall color; good in dry arrangement; not poisonous
Single, pink flowers in sumr; red hips in fall attract birds
Subterranean trunk; black fruits on flowering stalks
Creamy, white flowers; edible fruit; yellow fall foliage
Waxy white flowers; cinnamon colored bark; slow grower
Fragrant white flowers mid-spring; rounded form
Tree-like shrub; white flowers; dark berries in fall
Showy fall color; creamy white flowers; blue-black fruit
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Flowering Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Sweet Flag
False Aloe
Blue Star
Carolina Anemone
Lazy Daisy
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Wild Ginger
Swamp Milkweed
Butterfly Weed
Frost Aster
White False Indigo
Poppy Mallow
Wild Hyacinth
American Bellflower
Tall Coreopsis
Shooting Star
Clasping Leaf Conefl.
Purple Coneflower
Rattlesnake Master
Mist Flower
Joe-Pye Weed
Closed Gentian
Wild Geranium
Narrow-leaf Sunfl.
Ox-eye Sunflower
Alumroot
Spider Lily
Standing Cypress
Marsh Blazing Star
Blazing Star
Cardinal Flower
Great Blue Lobelia
Partridge Berry
Wild Bergamot
Sundrops
Carolina Phlox
Blue Phlox
Obedient Plant
May Apple
Solomon's Seal
Meadow Beauty
Black-eyed Susan
Cut-leaf Coneflower
Bloodroot
Golden Ragwort
Fire Pink
Wreath Goldenrod
Sweet Goldenrod
Rough-leaved Golden.
Indian Pink
Rose Vervain
Culver's Root
Common Blue Violet
Birdsfoot Violet

Acorus calamus
Agave virginica
Amsonia tabernaemont.
Anemone caroliniana
Aphanosteph. skirrhobasis
Arisaema triphyllum
Asarum canadensis
Asclepias incarnata
Asclepias tuberosa
Aster pilosus
Baptisia alba
Callirhoe papaver
Camassia scilloides
Campanula americana
Coreopsis tripteris
Dodecatheon meadia
Dracopis amplexicaulis
Echinacea purpurea
Eryngium yuccifolium
Eupatorium coelestinum
Eupatorium fistulosum
Gentiana saponaria
Geranium maculatum
Helianthus simulans
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heuchera americana
Hymenocallis occidentalis
Ipomopsis rubra
Liatris spicata
Liatris squarrosa
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia siphilitica
Mitchella repens
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera fruticosa
Phlox carolina
Phlox divartica
Physostegia virginiana
Podophyllum peltatum
Polygonatum biflorum
Rhexia virginica
Rudbeckia fulgida
Rudbeckia laciniata
Sanguinaria canadensis
Senecio aureus
Silene virginica
Solidago caesia
Solidago odora
Solidago rugosa
Spigelia marilandica
Verbena canadensis
Veronicastrum virginicum
Viola papilionacea
Viola pedata




Grass-like appearance; grows in wet areas
Inch-long flowers in a loose spike
Light blue flowers; black seeds can be used for propagation
Spring bloomer; blossom resembles sunflower
Attracts butterflies; xeriscapic
Red and yellow flowers; perfect for shady gardens
Good shade ground cover; slug pollinated
All parts are poisonous
Adult nectar and larval food source for Monarch butterflies
One of the toughest asters; attracts butterflies
Drought-tolerant; parts are poisonous if ingested
Grows well over walls and in rock gardens
Blue, star-shaped flowers in an elongated, loose cluster
Star-shaped light violet-blue flowers
Anise-like fragrance
Lilac, pink or white petals; stamens form a beak-like cone
Attracts birds, small mammals, and butterflies
Tolerates dry, droughty soil and hot sun; good cut flowers
Greenish-white flowers in globular, 1' diameter heads
Eight weeks of blue flowers; spreads by rhizomes
Rounded, pink flower clusters mid-summer to early fall
Light-blue to lilac flowers; soapy sap
1' purple flowers; slender capsules resemble a crane's bill
Attracts birds and butterflies
Resembles sunflower on a shorter plant
Root has astringent qualities
3-4' flowers with crown of tissue connecting bases of anthers
Red, tubular flowers; leaves with bristle-tipped segments
Unusual in flowering from top to bottom of spike
1' delicate flowers on branched stems
Cardinal red flowers in late summer
Elongated cluster of pale to dark blue flowers on stalk
White to pinkish flowers; red double berries; rich soil
Fragrant; dried leaves make herbal tea
Red stems compliment yellow flowers
Earlier flowering, with thicker leaves than common phlox
Semi-evergreen foliage
Flowers can be twisted in any direction and stay there
Solitary flower at fork of 2 leaf stalks; small edible fruit
Beautiful, arching stem with perfectly oriented leaves
Bright, purple-pink flowers open in a.m., drop petals
A popular, tough and beautiful perennial
6-10 droopy yellow petals around green center
Bright orange-red sap in thick rootstock
Cluster of daisy-like yellow flower heads
1' brilliant red star-shaped flowers
Clusters of yellow flowers from axils of leaves
Has an anise-like odor when crushed
Radiating flower form looks like fireworks
Clusters of 2 to 12 vivid red tubular flowers
Very attractive to butterflies; clumps of purple flowers
Spire-like white flower stalks above deep green leaves
This is the violet often found growing wild by roads/in fields
Five petals, lavender to purple, occasionally white

 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennial Ferns          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Southern Maidenhair
Ebony Spleenwort
Sensistive Fern
Cinnamon Fern
Royal Fern
Christmas Fern
Virginia Chain Fern
Adiantum capillus-veneris
Asplenium platyneuron
Onoclea sensibilis
Osmunda cinnamomea
Osmunda regalis
Polystichum acrostichoides
Woodwardia virginica





Bright green fronds; spreads by rhizomes
Sterile fronds are arching to flat; fertile fronds are upright
Easy to grow; turns yellow or russet in fall
Circular cluster of fronds; cinnamon-colored fertile fronds
Easy to grow; fronds are pale pink in early spring
Easy to grow; tufted clump of stiff, deep green fronds
Lustrous, dark green, leathery fronds in a close mass
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Vines          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Cross Vine
Leatherflower
Virgin's Bower
Yellow Jessamine
Coral Honeysuckle
Virginia Creeper
Passionflower

Bignonia capreolata
Clematis crispa
Clematis virginiana
Gelsemium sempervirens
Lonicera sempervirens
Parthenociss. quinquefolia
Passiflora incarnata




Twining tendrils bear orange-red trumpet-shaped flowers
Blue, pink, lavender or white; dies to ground each year
White flowers in late summer to early fall
Foliage bronzes in winter; all parts of plant are toxic
Trumpet-shaped flowers mid-spring to fall attract hummers
Excellent red fall color; attracts birds
Lavender flowers; edible fruit; attracts butterflies
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Grasses & Grass-like          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Big Bluestem
Splitbeard Bluestem
Broom Sedge
Awl-fruited Sedge
Inland Sea Oats
Purple Lovegrass
Soft Rush
Rice Cut Grass
Gulf Muhly
Switchgrass
Little Bluestem
Woolgrass
Indian Grass
Eastern Gamagrass
Cattail
Andropogon gerardi
Andropogon ternarius
Andropogon virginicus
Carex stipata
Chasmanthium latifolium
Eragrostis spectabilis
Juncus effusus
Leersia oryzoides
Muhlenbergia capillaris
Panicum virgatum
Schizachyrium scoparium
Scirpus cyperinus
Sorghastrum nutans
Tripsacum dactyloides
Typha latifolia

 


 

Long-lived; slow to establish; self-seeds; orange in fall
Great cut flowers
A pioneer soil-stabilizing plant
R elatively large green-to-black, spike-like inflorescence
Golden in fall; reseeds in moist gardens
Inflorescence in late summer appears as red-purple clouds
Provides food and nesting to birds and other wildlife
Creeping perennial with flat, yellow-green leaves
Dark green, glossy leaves; dark purple inflorescence
Dark gold fall color; inflorescence holds into winter
Self-seeds; variable form and color
Long, shaggy brown inflorescence
Warm season grass; attractive most of winter; self-seeds
Easy to grow; evergreen in frost-free areas
Long green leaves; hotdog-shaped brown flower

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS    VINES    GRASSES  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

2. PlantNative Staff.


Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
 

 

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