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NATIVE PLANT LIST for Arizona and New Mexico

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Arizona. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.

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  TREES     SHRUBS     PERENNIALS     GRASSES    CACTI  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Whitethorn Acacia
Sweet Acacia
Desert Willow
Arizona Cyprus
Gregg Ash
Fantex Ash
Arizona Walnut
Ironwood
Emory Oak
Acacia constricta
Acacia farnesiana
Chilopsis linearis
Cupressus arizonica
Fraxinus greggii
Fraxinus velutina
Juglans major
Olneya tesota
Quercus emoryi
F
F
F
F
F-P
F
F
F
P
D
D
D
A
A-D
A
A-W
D
D-A
10'
15'
20'
70'
15'
40'
40-50'
25'
66'
Caliche okay. White blossoms.
Yellow fragrant blossoms. Fast grower.
Pink or purple flowers attract hummingbirds. Deciduous.
Drought and heat tolerant. Soft, grey-green foliage.
Good food for wildlife.
Lush look. Holds dense canopy.
Male & female flowers on same tree. Deciduous.
Protect from extended frost. Slow grower.
Acorns are food for many mammals and birds.
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Prairie Acacia
False Indigo Bush
Desert Honeysuckle
Sand Sagebrush
Four-Wing Saltbush
Quail Brush
Fairy Duster
Desert Hackberry
Mountain Mahogany
Fern Bush

Western White Clematis
Ragged Rock Flower
Feather Dalea
Mormon Tea
Joint Fir
Turpentine Bush
Flat-topped Buckwheat

SW Coral Bean
Apache Plume
Desert Olive
Ocotillo
Desert Rose-mallow
Rock Hibiscus
Creosote Bush
Desert Wolfberry
Mariola
Hoary Rosmarymint
Honey Mesquite
Scrub Oak
Littleleaf Sumac
Sugar Sumac
New Mexico Locust
Arizona Rosewood
Acacia angustissima
Amorpha fruticosa
Anisacanthus thurberi

Artemisia filifolia
Atriplex canescens
Atriplex lentiformis
Calliandra eriophylla
Celtis pallida
Cercocarpus montanus
Chamaebatiaria millefolium
Clematis ligusticifolia

Crossosoma bigelovii
Dalea formosa
Ephedra nevadensis
Ephedra trifurca
Ericameria laricifolia
Eriogonum fasciculatum v. poliofolium
Erithrina flabelliformis
Fallugia paradoxa
Forestiera neomexicana
Fouquiera splendens
Hibiscus coulteri
Hibiscus denudatus
Larrea tridentate
Lycium andersonii
Parthenium incanum
Poliomintha incana
Prosopis glandulosa
Quercus turbinella
Rhus microphylla
Rhus ovata
Robinia neomexicana
Vaquelina californica

F-P
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F-P
F-P

P

F
F
F
F
F
F

F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
P
F-P
F-P
F
F

A
A
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
A-D

A

D
D
D
D
D
D

D
D
A-D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D

4'
6-10'
4'
4'
5'
8'
3'
8'
16'
5'

15'

4'
2'
3'
6'
2'
1.5'

to 10'
6'
12'
12'
3'
2'
6'
6'
2'
4'
25'
8'
8'
10'
to 15'
14'

Generally thornless. White blossoms.
Erosion control. Wildlife food and cover.
Red flowers and brown seeds.
Evergreen. Provides ground cover for wildlife.
Great for birds. Good for erosion control.
Great for birds. Hedges. Deciduous.
Pink, fluffy ball-shaped blossoms. Evergreen.
Great for wildlife. Hedges. Spiny. Erosion control.
White/pink blossoms. Evergreen.
Attracts butterflies. Semi-evergreen. White blossoms.

White blossoms. Tolerates many soils.

Fragrant flowers.
Good for low border or groundcover.
Slow growth. Inconspicuous yellow flowers.
Male plants produce yellow flowers in spring.
Yellow clusters of blossoms in fall.
Tortoises like it. White blossoms in spring.

Poisonous scarlet beans.
Hedge plant. Fuzzy fruit.
Fruit great for wildlife.
Vulnerable to overwatering.
Nice blossoms. Grows well under larger shrubs.
Lavender flowers.
Slow growing.
Red berries. Great for wildlife.
Evergreen. White blossoms. Tough.
Excellent fragrance.
Great for shade and wildlife.
Evergreen.
Fruit great for wildlife. Deciduous. Can be hedge.
Evergreen. More water/shade needed at lower elevations.
Pink blossoms. Seeds may be poisonous.
Evergreen.
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Desert Agave
Palmer Agave
Parry's Agave
Antelope Horns
Purple Aster
Desert Bahia
Desert Spoon
Showy Fleabane
Wright Buckwheat
Butterfly Mist
Snakeweed
Camphorweed
Blue Flax
Snapdragon-vine
Blackfoot Daisy
Bigelow Nolina
Tufted Evening Primrose
Penstemon
Violet Ruellia
Lindheimer Senna
Goldenrod
Globe Mallow
Banana Yucca
Soaptree Yucca
Prairie Zinnia
Agave deserti
Agave palmeri
Agave parryi
Asclepias asperula
Aster bigelovii
Bahia absinthifolia
Dasylirion wheeleri
Erigeron speciosus
Eriogonum wrightii
Eupatorium greggii
Guttierrizia sarothrae
Heterotheca subaxillaris
Linum lewisii
Maurandya antirrhiniflora
Melampodium leucanthum
Nolina bigelovii
Oenothera caespitosa

Penstemon spp.
Ruellia nudiflora
Senna lindheimeriana
Solidago Sparsiflora
Spharalcea ambigua
Yucca baccata
Yucca elata
Zinnia grandiflora

F
F-P
P
F-P
F
F
F-P
S
F
F-P
F
F
F
F-P
F-P
F
F

F
S
F-P
P
F
F
F
F

D
D
D
D-A
D
D
D
A
D
A
D
D
D
D
D
D
A

A
A
D
D
D
D
D
D

1.5'
3'
2'
8-24"
2.5'
1'
4'
1.5'
1.5'
1.5'
1.5'
5'
2'
10'
8"
8'
1'

to 3'
1'
5'
6'
3'
4'
15'
6"

Forms colonies to 10' diameter. Yellow flowers.
Flowers to 15' stalk. Hillsides and oak woodland.
One of the most cold-hardy agave plants.
Clustered pale flowers. Seed pods curve, look like horns.
Lavender blossoms. Reseeds prolifically.
Yellow blossoms.
Slow growth.
Semi-evergreen.
Blooms July - October.
Attracts butterflies.
Good groundcover. Yellow blossoms. Tough plant.
Yellow/orange blossoms. Grows well in disturbed areas.
Vase-shaped with light blue blossoms.
Beautiful blossoming vine. Does well in hanging baskets.
Attractive to bees, butterflies, birds. Resistant to deer.
Requires well-drained soils.
Showy flower.

Wide variety of flower colors. Attract bees, hummingbirds.
Long, tubular, funnel-shaped flowers.
Yellow flowers, soft green leaves. Resistant to deer.
Yellow blossoms.
Short-lived, reseeds.
Very tough plant.
NM state flower. Light shade ok. Don't cut dead leaves.
Yellow blossoms.

 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Grasses          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Silver Beard Grass
Purple Threeawn
Sideoats Grama
Blue Grama
Hairy Grama
Slender Hairgrass
Arizona Cottontop
Salt Grass
Bottlebrush Squirreltail
Brittlebrush
Arizona Fescue
Curly Mesquite
June Grass
Bush-muhly
Beargrass
Vine Mesquite
Switchgrass
Indian Grass
Alkali Sacaton
Sand Dropseed
Andropogon saccharoides
Aristida purpurea
Bouteloua curtipendula
Bouteloua gracilis
Bouteloua hirsuta
Deschampsia elongata
Digitaria californica
Distichlis stricta
Elymus elymoides
Encelia farinose
Festuca arizonica
Hilaria belangeri
Koeleria micrantha
Muhlenbergia porteri
Nolina microcarpa
Panicum obtusum
Panicum virgatum
Sorghastrum nutens
Sporobolus airoides
Sporobolus cryptandrus

F-P
P
F-P
F-P
F-P
P
F
F
P
F
F-P
F
P
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
P
F
F

D
D
D
D
D
A
D
A
A
D
D
D
A
L
D
A-D
A
A
D
D

2'
1'
2'
1.5'
2'
2.5'
3'
1'
1.5'
3'
2-4'
6"
1'
3'
5'
1'
3-5'
3'
2'
2-5'

Attractive to wildlife. Self-seeds freely.
Purplish-hued bunchgrass. Good fill-in grass.
Reseeds easily. High forage value.
Good erosion control. Great for tortoises.
Does well at lower elevations.
Blossoms in fall.
Blooms late summer to fall. Tortoise grass.
Salt tolerant. Good greywater plant.
Requires more water & shade a lower elevations.
Yellow flowers. Vulnerable to overwatering.
Fine blades. High forage value.
Short sod grass. Prefers loamy soils.
High forage value. Larger at higher elevations.
Purplish. High forage value. Great for tortoises.
Handsome flowering clumps.
Low, spreading grass.
Large bunchgrass.
Large bunchgrass.
Small bunchgrass.
Prefers well-drained soil.

 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Cacti          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Hedgehog Cactus
Fishook Barrel
Echinocereus engelmannii
Fercactus wislizenii
F
F
D
D

2'
6'

Magenta flowers.
Reddish orange flowers. Needs very little water.
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
               
  TREES     SHRUBS     PERENNIALS     GRASSES    CACTI  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. PlantNative Staff.

2. Desert Survivors Nursery Plant List (www.desertsurvivors.org).

3. "Native Plants for Landscape Use in Arizona," by the Federal Highway
Administration: www.fhwa.dot.gov/environment/rdsduse/az.htm.



Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
 

 

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