NATIVE PLANT LIST for North Dakota, South Dakota &
is a "starter" list of native plants
for North Dakota, South Dakota, and western Minnesota.
It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers
who want to create attractive and varied native
color. Shade-tol. Source of sap for syrup.
Can spread very quickly. Often has several trunks.
White bark can peel off in sheets when mature.
Unique stucco-like bark. Excellent for wildlife.
Small white flowers & fruit. Survives extreme cold.
White flowrs, red edible fruit. Thorny branches.
Gold-yellow in early autumn. Food for wildlife.
Deciduous. Edible nuts.
Understory hardwood tree. Seed for wildlife.
Silvery white bark. Leaves are food for caterpillars.
Leaves "quake"/tremble in wind. Yellow in fall.
Edible red plums. White flowrs w/unpleasant odor.
Fast-growing. Large acorns. Long-lived.
Grey bark, reddish twigs. Great for wildlife.
Cream/white flowers, multi-colored fruit, fall colr.
deciduous, blooms June-July.
White-pink flowers April-May, evergreen, red berries.
White flowers May-June, deciduous.
White flwrs May-June, white berries, fall colr, red twigs.
Deciduous. Fall color.
Evergreen. Good ground cover.
Yellow flowers June-September. Deciduous.
White flowers April-May, deciduous, dark-purple fruit.
Deciduous, fall color, persistent berries.
Pink flowers June-Augus, deciduous.
Deciduous. Furry catkins.
White flowers June-July, deciduous, blue-black berries.
White flowers June-August, deciduous, fall color.
Deciduous, white berries.
White flwrs May, deciduous, persistent berries, fall colr.
White flwrs May-June, deciduous, red berries, fall colr.
contrl & reclamation. Elk, deer, cattle food.
Fall color. Blue stem base. Food for horses, cattle.
Fall color. Unique flowers June-Sept.
Blue to red-purple nodes. Food & cover for wildlife.
Green to black spike-like flowers. Good erosn contrl.
Clump-forming. Attractive well into winter.
Distinctive bottlebrush spike persists into winter.
Long, fuzzy, spike-like, green-silver flowers.
Stiff, verticle form. Birds eat seeds. Yellow in fall.
Beautiful seasonal color changes. Showy into winter.
Can look silver/gold in sun. Good grazing & ornamntl.
Good erosion control. Shelter for wildlife. Thatching.
Delicate seedheads. Drought-resistnt. Great fall colrs.
Sharp, needle-like seeds.
Part can be edible. Flowers mid-late summer.
1. While the plants listed above are native to and
appropriate for their indicated regions, please
recognize that, in some instances, human development
alters the characteristics of a site such that it
may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring
region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban
areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks
and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture
than normal (e.g., next to a paved area –
the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly,
using plants from a neighboring region that support
higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may
be more appropriate.
2. While a plant is native to a region, that
does not mean that it will grow everywhere in
that region. The characteristics of any site will
typically vary from place to place and some plants
may do better than others at various places within
a site. In other words, a little experimentation
might be required.