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NATIVE PLANT LIST for North Dakota, South Dakota & Western Minnesota

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for North Dakota, South Dakota, and western Minnesota. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


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  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS     VINES    GRASSES  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Sugar Maple
Box Elder
Paper Birch
Hackberry
Red-osier Dogwood
Downy Hawthorn
Green Ash
Black Walnut
Ironwood
Eastern Cottonwood
Quaking Aspen
Wild Plum
Bur Oak
Basswood
Nannyberry

Acer saccharum
Acer negundo
Betula papyrifera
Celtis occidentalis
Cornus sericea
Crataegus mollis
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Juglans nigra
Ostrya virginiana
Populus deltoides
Populus tremuloides
Prunus americana
Quercus macrocarpa
Tilia americana
Viburnum lentago
P-S
F
F
F
F-P
F-P
F
F
P-S
F
F
F-P
F
P
F-P

W-A
W
W-A
W-A
W
W-D
W-D
W-A
A-D
W
W-A
A-D
W-D
W-A
W-A

60-120'
30-75'
50-75'
60-100'
3-19'
35-50'
50-75'
100-125'
30-50'
100'
35-50'
20-35'
80-100'
60-125'
18'

Great fall color. Shade-tol. Source of sap for syrup.
Can spread very quickly. Often has several trunks.
White bark can peel off in sheets when mature.
Unique stucco-like bark. Excellent for wildlife.
Small white flowers & fruit. Survives extreme cold.
White flowrs, red edible fruit. Thorny branches.
Gold-yellow in early autumn. Food for wildlife.
Deciduous. Edible nuts.
Understory hardwood tree. Seed for wildlife.
Silvery white bark. Leaves are food for caterpillars.
Leaves "quake"/tremble in wind. Yellow in fall.
Edible red plums. White flowrs w/unpleasant odor.
Fast-growing. Large acorns. Long-lived.
Grey bark, reddish twigs. Great for wildlife.
Cream/white flowers, multi-colored fruit, fall colr.
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Leadplant
Kinnikinnik
Gray Dogwood
Red-osier Dogwood
American Hazelnut
Juniper
Creeping Juniper
Potentilla
Chokecherry
Smooth Sumac
Early Wild Rose
Pussy Willow
Elderberry
Meadow Sweet
Snowberry
Nannyberry
High-bush Cranberry

Amorpha canescens
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Cornus racemosa
Cornus sericea
Corylus americana
Juniperus communis
Juniperus horizontalis
Potentilla fruticosa
Prunus virginiana
Rhus glabra
Rosa blanda
Salix discolor
Sambucus canadensis
Spiraea alba
Symphoricarpos albus
Viburnum lentago
Viburnum trilobum

F
F-P
F-P
F-P
P
F
F-S
F
F-S
S
S
F
F-S
F
S
P
S

A-D
A-D
W-D
W
A-D
A-D
A-D
W-D
A-D
D
D
W-A
W-D
W
A-D
D
A

1-3'
4-6'
12-16'
6-12'
6-12'
3-6'
1-3'
3-4'
30-50'
10-20'
2-5'
15-30'
10-12'
3-6'
2-5'
20-25'
6-15'

Purple flowers, deciduous, blooms June-July.
White-pink flowers April-May, evergreen, red berries.
White flowers May-June, deciduous.
White flwrs May-June, white berries, fall colr, red twigs.
Deciduous. Fall color.
Evergreen.
Evergreen. Good ground cover.
Yellow flowers June-September. Deciduous.
White flowers April-May, deciduous, dark-purple fruit.
Deciduous, fall color, persistent berries.
Pink flowers June-Augus, deciduous.
Deciduous. Furry catkins.
White flowers June-July, deciduous, blue-black berries.
White flowers June-August, deciduous, fall color.
Deciduous, white berries.
White flwrs May, deciduous, persistent berries, fall colr.
White flwrs May-June, deciduous, red berries, fall colr.
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Flowering Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
 

Red Baneberry
Wild Garlic
Canada Anemone
Thimbleweed
Pussytoes
Columbine
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Swamp Milkweed
Whorled Milkweed
Heath Aster
Smooth Aster
New England Aster
Harebell
Prairie Larkspur
Tick-trefoil
Fireweed
Boneset
Grass-leaved Goldenrod
Wild Strawberry
Bottle Gentian
Wild Geranium
Prairie Smoke
Common Sneezeweed
Stiff Sunflower
Ox-eye Sunflower
Alumroot
Virginia Waterleaf
Rough Blazing Star
Wood Lily
Great Blue Lobelia
Wild Bergamot
Evening Primrose
Large-flow. Penstemon
White Prairie Clover
Purple Prairie Clover
Praire Phlox
Solomon's Seal
Wild Crocus
Mountain Mint
Prairie Coneflower
Black-eyed Susan
Rosinweed
Cup Plant
Gray Goldenrod
Stiff Goldenrod
Tall Meadow Rue
Merrybells
Blue Verbena
Ironweed
Culver's Root
Common Blue Violet
Heart-Leaved G.A.
Golden Alexanders (GA)

Actaea rubra
Allium canadense
Anemone canadensis
Anemone cylindrica
Antennaria spp.
Aquilegia canadensis
Arisaema triphyllum
Asclepias incarnata
Asclepias verticillata
Aster ericoides
Aster laevis
Aster novae-angliae
Campanula rotundifolia
Delphinium virescens
Desmodium canadense
Epilobium angustifolium
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Euthamia graminifolia
Fragaria virginiana
Gentiana andrewsii
Geranium maculatum
Geum triflorum
Helenium autumnale
Helianthus rigidus
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heuchera richardsonii
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Liatrus aspera
Lilium philadelphicum
Lobelia siphilitica
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera biennis
Penstemon grandiflorus
Petalostemum candidum
Peatlostemum purpureum
Phlox pilosa
Polygonatum biflorum
Pulsatilla nuttalliana
Pycnanthem. virginianum
Ratibida columnifera
Rudbeckia hirta
Silphium integrifolium
Silphium perfoliatum
Solidago nemoralis
Solidago rigida
Thalictrum dasycarpum
Uvularia sessilifolia
Verbena hastata
Vernonia fasciculata
Veronicastrum virginicum
Viola papilionacea
Zizia aptera
Zizia aurea

P-S
F
F-P
F-P
F
P-S
P
F-P
F
F
F
F-P
P
F
F-P
F
F-S
F
F-P
F-S
S-P
F-P
F
F
F
F-P
S-P
F
P
P
F-P
F
F
F
F
F
S
F-P
F-P
F
F-P
F
F
F
F
S-P
S-P
F-P
F
F-P
S-P
F-P
F-P
A
A
A
A-D
D
A
A
W-A
A-D
A-D
A
W-A
A-D
A-D
A
A
W-A
W-A
A-D
A
A
W-D
W
D
A
A
A
A-D
A-D
A-D
W-D
A-D
D
A
A
A-D
A
D
W-A
D
W-D
A
A
A
A-D
A
W-A
A
A
A
A
A-D
W-A

1-2'
8-12"
1-2'
1-2'
2-12"
1-2'
1-2'
2-4'
1-3'
1-3'
2 -3'
up to 6'
4-15"
1-4'
2-6'
3-6'
3-6'
1-4'
3-6'
1-2'
1-3'
6-18"
2-5'
3-6'
3-4'
1-2'
1'
1-4'
2-3'
2-3'
2-5'
2-4'
2-3'
1-2'
1-2'
1-2'
1-4'
4-6"
2-3'
1-3'
1-2'
2-4'
3-5'
6-16"
1-4'
3-5'
10-15"
2-5'
2-5'
2-6'
4-8"
1-3'
1-3'

White flowers Apr-June, white berries.
Pink-lavender flowers May-June.
White flowers Apr-June.
White flowers May-July.
White flowers May. Good groundcover.
Red & yellow flowers May-June.
Green flowers May-June, red berries.
Reddish-purple flowers June-Aug.
White flowers July.
White flowers Sept-Oct.
Lavender flowers Aug-Oct.
Lavender-pink flowers Aug-frost.
Lavender flowers June-Sept.
White w/purple flowers June-July.
Pink flowers June-Sept.
Pink-lavender flowers June-Aug.
White flowers June-Aug.
Yellow flowers July-Sept.
White flowers May, ground cover, edible fruit.
Purple flowers Aug-frost.
Pink flowers April-July.
Red flwrs April-May. Pink seed plumes. Ground cover.
Yellow flowers Aug-Sept.
Yellow flowers July-Sept.
Yellow flowers June-Aug.
White flowers April-June.
Lavender flowers May-June. Ground cover.
Purple flowers Aug-Sept.
Orange flowers July-Aug.
Blue-lavender flower July-Oct.
Lavender flowers July-Aug.
Yellow flowers July-frost. Biennial.
Pink-lavender flowers May-June.
White flowers July-Aug.
Purple flowers July-Aug.
Pink-lavender flowers May-July.
White flowers May-June.
Lavender flowers April.
White flowers July-Aug.
Red-yellow flowers June-Aug.
Yellow flowers June-Aug.
Yellow flowers July-Sept.
Yellow flowers July-Sept.
Yellow flowers Aug-Oct.
Yellow flowers July-Oct.
White flowers June-July.
Cream flowers April-May.
Purple flowers June-Sept.
Purple flowers July-Sept.
White flowers July-Sept.
Purple flowers April-June, groundcover.
Yellow flowers May-June.
Yellow flowers May-June.
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennial Ferns          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Lady Fern
Ostrich Fern
Athyrium filix-femina
Pteretis nodulosa

F-S
S-P

W-D
W-A

2'
2-6'

Hardy and adaptible.
Popular ornamental. Edible fiddleheads.

 
  Vines          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  American Bittersweet
Virgin's Bower

Celastrus scandens
Clematis virginiana

F-S
P-F

A-D
W-D

to 30'
12-15'

Deciduous. Orange fruit.
White flowers July-Sept, deciduous, silvery achenes.

 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Grasses & Grass-like Plants          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Western Wheatgrass
Big Bluestem
Sideoats Grama
Bluejoint Grass
Awl-fruited Sedge
Canada Wild Rye
Bottlebrush Grass
June Grass
Switch Grass
Little Bluestem
Indian Grass
Prairie Cordgrass
N. Prairie Dropseed
Porcupine Grass
Cattail
Agropyron smithii
andropogon gerardii
Bouteloua curtipendula
Calamagrostis canadensis
Carex stipata
Elymus canadensis
Hystrix patula
Koeleria macrantha
Panicum virgatum
Schizachyrium scoparium
Sorghastrum nutans
Spartina pectinata
Sporobolus heterolepis
Stipa spartea
Typha latifolia

F
F
F
F
F
F-S
S-P
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F

A-D
A
D
W-A
W
A-D
A
D
W-D
A-D
A
W-A
A
A-D
W

1-2 1/2'
3-8'
1-3'
1-3'
2-3'
2-4'
3'
1-2'
2-3'
1-3'
3-8'
5-6'
2'
2-4'
4-8'

Good erosn contrl & reclamation. Elk, deer, cattle food.
Fall color. Blue stem base. Food for horses, cattle.
Fall color. Unique flowers June-Sept.
Blue to red-purple nodes. Food & cover for wildlife.
Green to black spike-like flowers. Good erosn contrl.
Clump-forming. Attractive well into winter.
Distinctive bottlebrush spike persists into winter.
Long, fuzzy, spike-like, green-silver flowers.
Stiff, verticle form. Birds eat seeds. Yellow in fall.
Beautiful seasonal color changes. Showy into winter.
Can look silver/gold in sun. Good grazing & ornamntl.
Good erosion control. Shelter for wildlife. Thatching.
Delicate seedheads. Drought-resistnt. Great fall colrs.
Sharp, needle-like seeds.
Part can be edible. Flowers mid-late summer.

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS     VINES    GRASSES  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

2. PlantNative Staff.


Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
 

 

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