home  |  plants  |  how-to  |  nursery  |  community  |  professional      
               
 

NATIVE PLANT LIST for Illinois, Iowa & Missouri

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Illinois, Iowa, and Missouri. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.
    Comments
 
  Red Maple
Sugar Maple
Ohio Buckeye
Hercules' Club
Pawpaw
River Birch
Shagbark Hickory
Rough-leaved Dogwood
Persimmon
White Ash
Green Ash
Kentucky Coffee Tree
Black Gum
Short-leaf Pine
American Sycamore
Native Cottonwood
Black Cherry
White Oak
Bur Oak
Bald Cypress
American Basswood

Acer rubrum
Acer saccharum
Aesculus glabra
Aralia spinosa
Asimina triloba
Betula nigra
Carya ovata
Cornus drummondii
Diospyros virginiana
Fraxinus americana
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Gymnocladus dioica
Nyssa sylvatica
Pinus echinata
Plantus occidentalis
Populus deltoides
Prunus serotina
Quercus alba
Quercus macrocarpa
Taxodium distichum
Tilia americana

F
F-P
F-P
F-S
P-S
F
F-P
F
F-S
F-P
F-P
F
F
F-P
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F
F
P-S
W-D
A
A
A-D
A
A-W
A
D
D-A
A
A
A
A-D
D
A-W
A
D
D
W-D
A-W
A-W
50-75'
50-75'
30-50'
10-20'
40'
40-70'
70-90'
20'
30-50'
60-80'
50-60'
60-75'
30-60'
80-90'
70-90'
70-90'
50-80'
60-90'
60-75'
50-75'
60-80'

Buds & young twigs are red; great red fall color
Excellent fall color; produces maple syrup
Yellow flowers; yellow/orange fall color; nuts messy
Thorny; attracts birds/butterflies; yellow-red fall foliage
Unique fruit resembles & tests like banana
Modest yellow fall color; seed attracts birds
Yellow to gold-brown fall color; Squirrels eat nuts
White flowers in spring
Yellow, orange to mauve fall color; butterfly larval plant
Yellow, maroon to purple fall color; butterfly larval plant
Grows fast; yellow fall color
Doubly-compound leaves; pods on female trees messy
Scarlet red autumn color
Dark blue-green needles; seed eaten by birds
Leaves drop all summer; white mottled bark
Modest fall color; can be messy
Messy tree; small edible berries in summer attract birds
Brown, red, wine fall color; acorns attract birds/squirrels
Mild yellow-brown fall color; most widespread oak
Deciduous needles change to russett in fall then fall off
Wood used for carving; nector makes honey; seeds


 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find Community Services:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Mois. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Red Buckeye
Smooth Alder
Lead Plant
Indigo Bush
American Beauty Berry
Shellbark Hickory
New Jersey Tea
Buttonbush
Silky Dogwood
Flowering Dogwood
Hazelnut
Strawberry Bush
Wahoo
Ozark
Wild Hydrangea
Shrubby St. Johns Wort
Deciduous Holly
Spice Bush
Ninebark
Wild Plum
Hop Tree
Indian Cherry
Fragrant Sumac
Smooth Sumac
Golden Currant
Prairie Wild Rose
Pasture Rose
Elderberry
Meadow-sweet
Aesculus pavia
Alnus serrulata
Amorpha canescens
Amorpha fruticosa
Callicarpa americana
Carya laciniosa
Ceanothus americanus
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Cornus amomum
Cornus florida
Corylus americana
Euonymus americanus
Euonymus atropurpureus
Hamamelis vernalis
Hydrangea arborescens
Hypericum prolificum
Ilex decidua
Lindera benzoin
Physocarpus opulifolius
Prunus spp.
Ptelea trifoliata
Rhamnus caroliniana
Rhus aromatica
Rhus glabra
Ribes odoratum
Rosa arkansana
Rosa carolina
Sambucus canadensis
Spirea alba

P-F
F-S
F
P
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-S
F-S
P-S
F-S
F-P
P-S
F
F-P
P-S
P-S
F-P
F-S
P-S
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-S
F

A
W
A-D
A-W
D-A
A-W
D
W
A-W
D-A
A
A
A
A-D
A
A-D
A
A
W-D
A-D
A
A-D
D
D-A
A
A-D
D-A
A-W
A

10-20'
15-20'
2-3'
6-20'
4-6'
70-90'
3'
6-12'
6-15'
25-30'
12-15'
4-6'
20'
6-10'
3-6'
1-4'
12'
6-12'
5-10'
25'
15-20'
15-25'
2-6'
9-15'
6-12'
1-3'
1-3'
5-12'
6'

Erect clusters of red flowers; poisonous nuts are messy
Yellow & orange fall color; fruit eaten by birds
Iridescent purple flowers, silvery foliage; fixes nitrogen
Butterflies are attracted to flower spikes; prune early
Clusters of pink-purple berries attract birds
Yellow to golden-bronze fall color. nuts can be messy
Short spikes of tiny white flowers in June
Goldball-like fragrant flowers attract hummingbirds
Flat white flower head mid spring, not fragrant
White flowers in spring; berries attract birds
Edible nuts; suckering
In Sept bumpy scarlet fruit capsules open to red seeds
Red fruit enjoyed by birds; bright red fall foliage
Yellow, orange, red fragrant flowers in winter to spring
Clusters of Greenish-white flowers Jun-Jul
Bright yellow flowers
Drops it's leaves to reveal showy red berries on females
Tiny fragrant yellow flowers; berries for birds
White flowers May-Jun; berries for birds; yellow fall colo
Edible fruit attracts wildlife
Small greenish-white fragrant flowers; yellow fall color
Beautiful sweet fruit turns red to black; orange fall color
Showy orange to reddish-purple fall color
Velvety red fruit on female plants persists into winter
Many yellow flowers in spring, strong clove scent, berrie
Prickly-stemmed beautiful pink flowers w/yellow centers
1" pink flowers in July
Showy white flowers in July; edible fruit in Sept
Attracts butterflies; white blooms Jul-Aug
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find Community Services:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Flowering Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.      Comments  
  Columbine
Wild Ginger
Butterfly Weed
New England Aster
Blue Wild Indigo
Indian Paintbrush
Plains Coreopsis
Tall Larkspur
Shooting Star
Purple Coneflower
Joe-Pye Weed
Queen of the Prairie
Wild Geranium
Prairie Smoke
Crested Iris
Copper Iris
Eastern Blazing Star
Cardinal Flower
Blue Lobelia
Bluebells
Sensitive Briar
Wild Bergamot
Missouri Primrose
Pink Primrose
Foxglove Beardtongue
Wild Sweet William
Jacob's Ladder
Black-eyed Susan
Fire Pink
Showy Goldenrod
Celadine Poppy
Ohio Spiderwort
Prairie Trillium

Aquilegia canadensis
Asarum canadense
Asclepias tuberosa
Aster novae-angliae
Baptisia australis
Castilleja coccinea
Coreopsis tinctoria
Delphinium exaltatum
Dodecatheon meadia
Echinacea purpurea
Eupatorium purpureum
Filipendula rubra
Geranium maculatum
Geum triflorum
Iris cristata
Iris fulva
Liatris scariosa
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia siphilitica
Mertensia virginica
Mimosa quadrivalvis
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera macrocarpa
Oenothera speciosa
Penstemon digitalis
Phlox divartica
Polemonium reptans
Rudbeckia hirta
Silene virginica
Solidago speciosa
Stylophorum diphyllum
Tradescantia ohiensis
Trillium recuvratum
S-F
S
F-P
F-P
F
F
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-S
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P
F
F
F-P
F-S
S
F-P
F-P
F-P
S
F-P
F-P
A-D
A
A
A
A-D
D-A
D-A
A
D-A
A
A
A
A
A-D
D-A
A
A
A
A
A
D-A
A
D-A
D-A
A
A
A
A
D-A
D-A
A
A
A

24-36"
4-6"
24-36"
40-60"
30-60"
10-20"
24-48"
24-48"
10-16"
30-40"
48-80"
48-60"
16-22"
6"
5-10"
18-24"
30-54"
24-54"
12-24"
12-24"
36-48"
36-48"
6-12"
12-20"
30-50"
12-16"
12-18"
24-36"
10-16"
24-48"
16-24"
36-48"
12"

Interesting red & yellow flowers attract hummingbirds
Evergreen groundcover W/attractive glossy leaves
Clusters of brilliant orange flowers attract butterflies
Bright lavender flowers with yellow centers late summer
Blue spikes of pea-shaped flowers; compound foliage
Upper leaves are deeply cleft, red-orange-pink in color
Striking large, numerous yellow/red flowers; reseeds
Spikes of bright blue flowers attract hummingbirds
Delicate white to pink petals; red & yellow centers
Daisy-like flower with rose-purple rays; lengthy bloom
Large pink flowers attract butterflies in droves Aug-Sept
Showy large pink plumes Jun-Jul
1" lavender purple slowers in the spring
Feathery pink seedheads are beautiful in spring
Pale lavender-blue crested flowers Apr-May
Beardless, crestless flowers attract hummingbirds
Spikes of interesting lavender to purple flowers
Terminal clusters of bright red 1.5" flowers in fall
Elongated clusters of pale to dark blue flowers sum-fall
Pink flowers buds open to sky blue flowers Mar-Apr
Leaflets fold when touched; ball-shaped flower heads
Intricate lavender flowers attract butterflies Jul-Sep
3-4" lemon-yellow flowers
Beautiful pink flowers bloom early in the day in summer
Long-blooming pure white flowers Jun-Jul
Covered with 1.5" lavender to pink flowers in spring
Terminal clusters of light blue bell-shaped flowers Apr
2-4" flower heads with 10-20 bright yellow petals
Deep red star-like flowers draw hummingbirds Apr-May
Foot long spikes of blazing yellow flowers in early fall
2" wide lemon-yellow flowers
Deep blue flowers bloom late spring & early summer
Beautiful foliage & deep red flowers with 3 petals
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find Community Services:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennial Ferns          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Mois. Ht.      Comments  
  Maindenhair Fern
Dragon's Tail Fern
Lady Fern
Leatherwood Fern
Sensitive Fern
Cinnamon Fern
Christmas Fern
Adiantum pedatum
Asplenium ebenoides
Athyrium felix-femina
Dryopteris marginalis
Onoclea sensibilis
Osmunda cinnamomea
Polystichum acrostichoides

P-S
P-S
S
S
F-P
P-S
P-S

A
A
A-W
A
W
A-W
A

18-36"
6-8"
18-24"
2-3'
12-24"
24-48"
12-36"

Airy fan-shaped deep green frond, delicate black stems
Forms low evergreen moung of trangular fronds
Delicate arching fronds, dark red stems when mature
Dark green leathery-looking evergreen fern
Deeply pinnate leaves; poisonous to livestock
iClusters of arching fronds, fertile fronds are brown
Stiff deep green fronds are once-pinnate

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Gardening Naturally with a Purpose. Missouri Wildflowers Nursery, Jefferson City, Missouri.

2. Perennial Index.
www.possibilityplace.com

3. Landscaping with Native Plants.
www.chicagowilderness.org

4. Seedling Order Form
George O. White State Forest Nursery, Missouri Department of Conservation.

5. PlantNative Staff.


Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
 

 

Home | Plants | Books | How-To | Directories
inbox@plantnative.com   About Us | Newsletter | Contact Us
© Copyright 2002-2004 PlantNative