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NATIVE PLANT LIST for Ohio and Indiana

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Ohio and Indiana. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


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  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Silver maple
Ohio buckeye
Shadblow
Paw Paw
River Birch
American Hornbeam
Redbud
Fringe Tree
Yellowwood
Spindletree
Green Ash
American Holly
Sweetgum
Tulip Poplar
Black Gum
Sourwood
Eastern White Pine
Pin Oak
Black Willow
American Hemlock
Acer saccharinum
Aesculus glabra
Amelanchier canadensis
Asimina triloba
Betula nigra
Carpinus carolineana
Cersis canadensis
Chionanthus virginicus
Cledrastris lutea
Euonymus atropurpureus
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Ilex opaca
Liquidambar styraciflua
Liriodendron tulipfera
Nyssa sylvatica
Oxyodendrum
Pinus strobus
Quercus palustris
Salix nigra
Tsuga canadensis
F-P
F-P
F
P-S
F
P-S
F-S
F-P
F
P-S
F-P
F-P
F
F
F
F-P
F
P-S
F-P
F-S
A-W
A
D
A
A-W
W-A
A-D
A-W
A
A
A
A-D
W-A
A
A-D
A
A
A-W
A-W
A
60-75'
30-50'
1-20'
40'
40-70'
20-30'
20-30'
15-20'
30-50'
8-12'
50-60'
20-40'
60-85'
70-90'
30-60'
30'
50-80'
60-80'
50+'
40-60'

Lacy leaves with a white bloom on the underside
Yellow flowers; yellow/orange fall color; abundant nuts
White flowers bloom in early spring; edible fruit
Unique fruit resembles & tastes like bananas
Modest yellow fall color; seed attracts birds
Good street tree; yellow, orange, scarlet fall color
In April clusters of rosy pink flowers line branches
Wispy clusters of white flowers appear in late spring
Clusters of fragrant white flowers; yellow fall color
Small purplish flowers become red fruit; red fall color
Grows fast; yellow fall color
To ensure fruit one male is needed per 2-3 females
Brilliant scarlet-red, red-purple fall color
Large tulip-like flowers are yellow, green & orange
Scarlet red autumn color
D rooping fragrant white flowers; pink/red fall color
Bluish-green evergreen needles
Russett, bronze, red fall color
Host plant for butterflies
Evergreen with pendulous look; intolerant of drought

 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Red Chokeberry
Black Chokeberry
Sweet Shrub
Clove Bush
Buttonbush
Sweet Pepperbush
Witch Hazel
Wild Hydrangea
Sweetspire
Winterberry
Spicebush
Bayberry
Elderberry
Maple Leaf Viburnum
Northern Arrowwood
Nannyberry
Blackhaw
American Cranberry
Aronia arbutifolia
Aronia melanocarpus
Calycanthus floridus
Ribes odoratum
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Clethra alnifolia
Hamamelis virginica
Hydrangea arborescens
Itea virginica
Ilex verticillata
Lindera benzoin
Myrica pennsylvanica
Sambucus canadensis
Viburnum acerifolium
Viburnum dentatum
Viburnum lentago
Viburnum prunifolium
Viburnum trilobum

F-P
F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-S
P-F
F-P
F-P
P-S
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P

W-D
D-W
A
A
W-A
W-A
A-D
A
W-D
W-A
W-A
D-W
W-A
A-D
D-A
A-D
A-D
A-W

5-10'
3-5'
6-10'
6-12'
3-8'
2-4'
8-20'
36"-5'
3-6'
6-10'
8-15'
5-8'
5-10'
6'
5-9'
18'
8-15'
8-12'

Brilliant red fruit; striking scarlet to orange fall color
Dependable showy orange, burgundy, purple fall color
Interesting red or maroon strawberry-scented flowers
Yellow flowers with strong clove scent; birds eat berries
Golf-ball like flowers hang and attract butterflies
Ivory white fragrant blooms in summer
Golden yellow flowers in fall
Large clusters of creamy white flowers bloom in June
Whte blooms in early summer; red & orange fall color
Greenish-white flowers bloom in early spring
Yellow blooms in early spring
Semi-evergreen; transplants well
Pinnate leaves; blooms early summer
Pie-shaped clusters of white flowers; beautiful fall color
Flowers May-Jun; small blue-black berries in fall
White flat-topped clusters up to 5" across in May
Creamy white flowers in spring
White flowers & edible, bright red fruit attracts birds
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Flowering Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  White Yarrow
Sweetflag
Doll's Eyes
Wild Columbine
Jack-in-the-pulpit
Goat's Beard
Ginger
Butterfly Weed
Common Milkweed
New England Aster
White False Indigo
Marsh Marigold
Blue Cohosh
Turtlehead
Bugbane
Dutchman's Breeches
Shooting Star
Joe-pye-weed
White Boneset
Flowering Spurge
Queen-of-the-Prairie
Wild Geranium
St. John's Wort
Dwarf Crested Iris
Yellow Water Iris
Jerusalem Artichoke
Spiked Gayfeather
Great Blue Lobelia
Moneywort
Yellow Loosestrife
Virginia Blue Bells
Bee Balm
Blue Phlox
Jacob's Ladder
Solomon's Seal
Black-eyed Susan
Brown-eyed Susan
Bloodroot
Sedum
Celadine Poppy
Foam Flower
Trillium
Ironweed
Blue Wood Violet
Yellow Root
Soapweed
Achillea millifolium
Acorus calamus
Actea pachypoda
Aquilegia canadensis
Arisaema triphyllum
Aruncus dioicus
Asarum canadense
Asclepia tuberosa
Asclepia syriaca
Aster novae-angliae
Baptesia lactea
Caltha palustris
Cauloph. thalictroides
Chelone glabra
Cimifuga racemosa
Dicentra cucullaria
Dodecatheon meadia
Eupatorium fistulosa
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Euphorbia corolatta
Fillipendula rubra
Geranium maculatum
Hypericum spp.
Iris cristata
Iris pseudoacorus
Helianthus tuberosus
Liatris spicata
Lobelia siphilitica
Lysmachia nummularis
lysmachia punctata
Mertensia virginica
Monarda didyma
Phlox divaracata
Polemonium reptans
Polygonatum biflorum
Rudbeckia hirta
Rudbeckia triloba
Sanguinaria canadensis
Sedum ternatum
Stylophorum diphyllum
Tiarella cordifolia
Trillium spp.
Vernonia noveboracensis
Viola papilionacea
Xanthorhiz. simplicissima
Yucca glauca
F
F
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
P-S
F
F-P
F
F-P
F
P-S
F-P
P-S
S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
F
F-S
F-S
P-S
F-P
F-P
F
P-S
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-P
F-P
P-S
P-S
F
F-P
S
F-P
S
P-S
S
F-P
P-S
F-P
F

D
W
A
A-D
A
A
A
A-D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A-W
A-D
A
A
A-D
A-D
A-W
A-D
A
W
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A-D
A
A
A
A
A
A
W
A
A-W
D

8"-5'
1-3'
1-2.5'
1-2.5'
12+"
4-6'
6"
2-3'
2-4'
3-7'
3-5'
1-2'
1-2'
1-3'
3-8'
1'
1-2'
5-8'
2-4'
2-4'
4-5'
1-2'
1-4'
4-8"
3'
7'
2-5'
1-3'
3-6"
3'
12-24"
3-4'
10-20"
1'
18-30"
2-3'
2-3'
6-10"
2-4"
18"
6-12"
6-12"
4-6'
6-10"
2'
1-3'

2-6" clusters of pink, white or yellow flowers Jun & Sept
This grass is a nice vertical long-leaf garden feature
Small bright white flowers; poisonous white berries
Unique red & yellow flowers attract hummingbirds
Spathe appears Mar-May; red berries late sum-fall
6-10" plumes of small cream-colored flowers
Evergreen groundcover; glossy heart-shaped leaves
Brilliant orange flowers; butterfly host plant
Pink clusters of fragrant flowers; food of larval Monarch
Bright lavender flowers with yellow centers late sum-fall
Vivid stalks of white flowers grow rapidly
1-1.5" bright yellow flowers in spring & summer
small yellow flowers, blue berries in grape-like clusters
White to pink 1-1.5" flowers summer into fall
Long slender candle-like clusters of white flowers
White & yellow flowers resemble a pair of pantaloons
Delicate white/pink petals, red & yellow center
Purplish-pink flowers explode attracting butterflies
Flat-top clusters of small white flowers in fall
"Baby's breath of the Prairie" blooms in Aug
Show-stopping large pink plumes in Jun-Jul
1" lavender-purple flowers in spring
3" yellow flowers; dark green foliage(groundcover)
Pale lavender-blue crested flowers Apr-May
Bright yellow flowers pencilled with black Apr-Aug
Attracts butterflies
Bright pinkish-purple stalks of interesting flowers Aug
Elongated cluster of pale to dard blue flowers late sum
Attractive yellow flowers
Leaves & yellow star flowers in whorls up the stems Jun
Pink flower buds open to sky blue Mar-Apr
Edible leaves; flowers attract butterflies, hummingbirds
Covered with 1.5" lavender to pink flowers in spring
Terminal clusters of light blue, bell-shaped flowers Apr
Small creamy white to green bells hang from leaf axils
2-4" flower heads with 10-20 bright yellow petals
Hundreds of small deep gold daisy-like flowers
2" white flowers with yellow centers; roots have red sap
Fleshy evergreen foliage; white star-like flowers spring
2" wide lemon-yellow flowers
Evergreen groundcover; feathery white flowers Apr-Jun
White/pink flowers have 3 broad petals, spring bloom
Purple flowers attract butterflies in summer
Purple violet blooms in spring; spreads readily
Plum-colored flowers(spring); orange & purple fall color
Stiff, narrow leaves; white bell-shaped blossoms
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find a Community Org:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennial Ferns          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Cinnamon Fern
Christmas Fern
Goldie Fern
Leatherwood Fern
Lady Fern
Maidenhair Fern
Royal Fern
Sensitive Fern
Osmunda cinnamomea
Polystickum acrostichoides
Dryopteris goldiana
Dryopteris marginalis
Athyrium felix-femina
Adianthum pedatum
Osmunda regalis
Onoclea sensibillis

F-P
S
S
S
S
S
P
F-P

A-W
A
A-W
A
A-W
A
A-W
A-W

24-48"
12-36"
2-3"
2-3'
18-24"
18-36"
2-6'
12-24"

Circular cluster of arching fronds; brown fertile fronds
Stiff deep green fronds are once-pinnate
Large, vigorous, attractive fern with bright green fronds
Deak green leathery-looking evergreen fern
Delicate & lacy arching fronds; dark red stems at matur
Fan-shaped blue-green fronds; delicate black stems
Bi-pinnate blade; pinnae resemble locust tree leaves
Deeply pinnate leaves; poisonous to livestock

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Mary's Plant Farm.


2. PlantNative Staff.

Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
 

 

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