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NATIVE PLANT LIST - North Carolina and South Carolina

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for North Carolina and South Carolina. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
  TREES     SHRUBS     HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS     FERNS  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.
     Comments  
  (SMALL)
Serviceberry
Devil's Walkingstick
Paw Paw
American Hornbeam
Chinquapin
Eastern Redbud
Fringetree
Pagoda Dogwood
Flowering Dogwood
Washington Hawthorn
Persimmon
Carolina Silverbell
Common Witch-hazel
American Holly
Red Cedar
Umbrella Tree
Hop-hornbeam
Sourwood
Hoptree
American Plum
Pin Cherry
Common Sassafras
Blackhaw Viburnum
(LARGE)
Red Maple
Sugar Maple
Yellow Buckeye
Yellow Birch
Sweet Birch
River Birch
Bitternut Hickory
Pignut Hickory
Yellowwood
Beech
Tulip Tree
Cucumber Tree
Black Tupelo
Sycamore
Red Spruce
Black Cherry
White Oak
Red Oak
Post Oak
American Linden
Canadian Hemlock
Carolina Hemlock


Amelanchier arborea
Aralia spinosa
Asimina triloba
Carpinus caroliniana
Castanea pumila
Cercis canadensis
Chionanthus virginicus
Cornus alternifolia
Cornus florida
Crataegus phaenopyrum
Diospyros virginiana
Halesia carolina
Hamamelis virginiana
Ilex opaca
Juniperus virginiana
Magnolia tripetela
Ostrya virginiana
Oxydendrum arboreum
Ptelea trifoliata
Prunus americana
Prunus pensylvanica
Sassafras albidum
Viburnum rufidulum

Acer rubrum
Acer saccharum
Aesculus flava
Betula alleghanienses
Betula lenta
Betula nigra
Carya cordiformis
Carya glabra
Cladrastis kentuckea
Fagus grandifolia
Liriodendron tulipifera
Magnolia acuminata
Nyssa sylvatica
Platanus occidentalis
Picea rubens
Prunus serotina
Quercus alba
Quercus rubra
Quercus stellata
Tilia americana
Tsuga canadensis
Tsuga caroliniana

F-P
F-P
P-S
P-S
F-S
F-S
F-P
P-S
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-S
F-S
F-S
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-S
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-S

F
F-P
P-S
F-P
F-P
F
F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P
F
P-S
F
F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-S
F-S
F-S


A-D
A-D
A
W-A
A
A-D
A
W-D
D-A
A
D-A
A
A
A-D
A-D
A
A
A-D
A
W-D
W-D
D-A
D-A

W-D
A
A
A
A
A-W
A
D
A
A
A
A
A-D
A-W
A
D
D
D-A
D
A
A
A


15-25'
10-20'
40'
20-30'
20-25'
20-30'
12-20'
15-25'
25-30'
25-30'
30-50'
30'
15-30'
20-40'
40-50'
15-40'
30-60'
20-30'
15-20'
12-20'
25-40'
30-60'
10-15'

50-75'
50-75'
50-75'
60-75'
40-55'
40-70'
50-70'
50-60'
30-50'
85+'
70-90'
50-75'
30-60'
70-90'
60-70'
50-80'
60-90'
60-75'
40-50'
60-80'
40-60'
30-70'

Yellow/orange./red fall color; white flowers in April
Thorny; 3-4" clusters of wht flowers in sum.; birds like berries
Unique fruit resembles & tastes like banana
Good street tree; yellow/orange/scarlet fall color
Slender spikes of strongly scented staminate flowers
Clusters of rosy/pink flowers (Apr); flowers line branches/trunk
Wispy, creamy wht. fragrant flowers in May
Clusters of wht. flowers (late sum.); Black berries, fall follage
Wht. flowers in spring turn into bird-attracting berries
Wht. spring flowers; red fall berries; orange/scarlet fall color
Yellow/orange/mauve color; butterfly larval plant
Drooping large white bell-shaped flowers in early spring
1" fragrant, creamy to bright yellow flowers in fall
To ensure fruit, one male is needed per 2-3 females
Offers nesting and cover to birds
6-8" wht. flowers spring w/unpleasant odor; red fruit in fall
Scarlet red autumn color
Fragrant flowers in spring; yellow/pink/red in fall
Small, white fragrant flowers; yellow/green fall color
White fragrant flowers in spring; 1" red/yellow fruit in summer
Leaves poisonous to livestock; fruit attracts birds
Yellow flowers (Apr); clear yellow/orange/pink/scarlet fall color
Showy clusters of wht. flowers that leap out from follage

Buds and young twigs are red/green fall color
Excellent fall color; beautiful large shade tree
Erect clusters of yellow flowers in spring; org. fall color
Does best in cool soil; beautiful bark
Golden-yellow fall color
Modest yellow fall color; seed attracts birds
Striking yellow buds; pinnately compound leaves
Golden-yellow fall color; rapid growth rate
Clusters of fragrant/wht pea-type flowers (spr); yllw. fall color
Nuts in fall attract birds/mammals/humans
Large tulip-like flowers are yellow/grn./org. in May-June
Yellow/grn. magnolia-type flowers (spr); pink/red fuit in fall
Scarlet-red fall color
leaves drop all summer; white molted bark
Evergreen; 2" green/purple cones mature to red/brown
Messy tree; small edible berries in sum. attract birds
Brown/red/ bright red fall color; grows rapidly
Russett red to bright red fall color; grows rapidly
Variable fall color; non-showy to golden-brown
Clusters of creamy yellow fragrant flowers in early
When grown in sun this evergreen requires consistent watering
Good screen for cool, shady areas
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.
     Comments  
  (SMALL)
New Jersey Tea
Sweetfern
Snowhill Hydrangea
Shrubby St.John's Wort
Drooping leucothoe
Carolina Rose
Swamp Rose
Cranberry
Lowbush Blueberry
Maple-leaf Viburnum
(MEDIUM)
Red Chokeberry
Black Chokeberry
Sweetshrub
Cinnamonbark
Silky Dogwood
Hazelnut
Bush-honeysuckle
Hearts-a-bustin
Large Fothergilla
Dense Hypericum
Common Winterberry
Virginia sweetspire
Mountain Laurel
Spicebush
Sweet Azalea
Flame Azalea
Carolina Rhododendron
Mountain Rosebay
Pinxter Azalea
Pinkshell Azalea
Elderberry
Coral Berry
Hobblebush
Highbush Blueberry
Deerberry
Witherod Viburnum
(LARGE)
Tag Alder
Mountain Winterberry
Mock Orange
Rosebay Rhododendron
Smooth Sumac
Silky Willow
Arrowwood


Ceanothus americanus
Comptonia peregrina
Hydrangea arborescens
Hypericum prolificum
Leucothoe fontanesiana
Rosa carolina
Rosa palustris
Vaccinium macrocarpon
Vaccinium pallidum
Viburnum acerifolium

Aronia arbutifolia
Aronia melanocarpa
Calycanthus floridus
Clethra acuminata
Cornus amomum
Corylus americana
Diervilla sessilifolia
Euonymus americanus
Fotherfilla major
Hypericum densiflorum
Ilex verticillata
Itea virginica
Kalmia latifolia
Lindera benzoin
Rhododend. arborescens
Rhodod. calendulaceum
Rhodod. carolinianum
Rhodod. catawbiense
Rhodod. periclymenoides
Rhododendron vaseyi
Sambucus canadensis
Symphoricar. orbiculatus
Viburnum alnifolium
Vaccinium corymbosum
Vaccinium stamineum
Viburnum cassinoides

Alnus serrulata
Ilex montana
Philadelphus inodorus
Rhododend. maximum
Rhus glabra
Salix sericea
Viburnum dentatum


F-P
F-P
P-S
F-P
P-S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P

F-P
F-P
P-S
F-P
F-S
F-S
F-S
P-S
F-P
F-P
F-S
F-S
F-P
P-S
F-S
P-S
P-S
F-S
P-S
F-P
F-S
F-S
P-S
F-P
F-P
F-S

F-P
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-P
F-S
F-P


D
A-D
A
A
A
W-D
A-W
A
A-D
A-D

W-A
D-W
A
A
A-W
A
A
A
A
W-D
A-W
W
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A-W
A-W
A
A
D-W
A
A-W

W
A
W
A-W
D-A
W-A
W-A

3'
2-4'
4-6'
1-5'
3-5'
3-4'
4-6'
4-6"
12-16"
6'

6-11"
3-5'
6-10'
8-15'
6-10'
12-15"
4-6'
4-6'
6-10'
4-6'
6-15'
3-6'
8-10'
6-12'
3-6'
4-8'
3-5'
6-10'
6-10'
5-10'
5-12'
2-5'
6-10'
6-12'
10-15'
5-6'

40'
15-40'
10-12'
15-40'
9-15'
12'
6-12'


Short spikes of tiny white flowers in June
Lacy serrated foliage which is pleasantly aromatic
Large clusters of flat, creamy white flowers Jun-Jul
Showy 1" yellow flowers bloom Jun-Sept
Lance-shaped leaves on slender stems. few branches
Yellow, orange, red fall color; pink flowers May-July
Fragrant flowers in summer, red hips in fall
Pink bell-shaped flowers in spring; edible fruits
Sets some fruit even in shade; has white/pink flowers
Pie-shapedclusters of creamy-white flowers; beautiful fall color

Red berries load shrub & are eaten by mammals and birds
Dependable showy orange, burgundy & purple fall color
Interesting brown blooms Apr-July
Twisted racines of white lily-of-the-valley like fragrant flowers
Creamy white flowers May-Jun; no fall color
Edible nuts; suckering
Small yellow flowers on tips of new growth all summer
Purplish flowers in May; Red seed pods in Sept, attracts birds
Showy, fragrant flowers in spring; spectacular fall leaves
Golden yellow 1" flowers in late spring
Red berries on female plants persist into winter & attract birds
Spectacular long lasting yellow, orange, crimson fall color
Pink, red, or white flowers in late spring
Yellow spicily fragrant flowers in late winter; red fruit in fall
Fragrant white to pink flowers, red stamen in early summer
Yellow, orange, scarlet flowers in late spring
Light to dark pink flowers mid-May; evergreen
5-6" unbel of lilac-purple to pale pink flowers mid-spring
Variable flower color - often pink flowers before leaves emerge
Pink/white flowers with orange freckles emerge before leaves
Showy white flowers in July, edible fruit in Sept
Bell shaped flowers become clusters of large pink berries
White flowers; red to black berries; yellow/orange/red fall color
Excellent fall color; fruit readily eaten by humans & wildlife
Twisted trunks; bell-shaped flowers; sweet, spicy tasting fruit
White flowers; green, pink, red, blue, & black berries

Can fix nitrogen
Red berries on female plants
White fragrant blooms smell like orange blossoms
Huge clusters of white to deep pink flowers with yellow spots
Velvety red fruit on female plants that persist into winter
Provides good wildlife habitat
Creamy-white blooms in spring

 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Herbaceous Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.
     Comments  
 

Doll's eyes
Blue Star
Thimbleweed
Wild Columbine
Pussy's Toes
Green Dragon
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Goat's Beard
Wild Ginger
Butterfly Weed
White Wood Aster
Late Purple Aster
False Goats Beard
Wild Indigo
Blue Cohosh
Pink turtlehead
Green-and-Gold
Black Cohosh
Mouse-eared Coreopsis
Coreopsis
Bleeding Heart
Shooting Star
Trout Lily
Joe-Pye Weed
Wild Strawberry
Wintergreen
Wild Geranium
Sharp-lobed Hepatica
Alumroot
Little Brown Jugs
Jewelweed
Dwarf Crested Iris
Blazing Star
Turks-cap Lily
Cardinal Flower
Lobelia
Great Lobelia
Fringed Loostrife
Partridge Berry
Bishop's Cap
Bee Balm
Allegheny Spurge
Phacelia
Chalice Phlox
Carolina Phlox
Wild Blue Phlox
Garden Phlox
Creeping Phlox
Golden Aster
Solomon's Seal
Black-eyed Susan
Bloodroot
Oconee Bells
Fire Pink
Blue-eyed Grass
Winkle-leaf Goldenrod
Bush Pea
Foamflower
New York Ironweed
Yellow-root

Actea pachypoda
Amson.tabernaemontana
Anemone virginiana
Aquilegia canadensis
Antern. planaginfolia
Arisaema dracontium
Arisaema triphyllum
Aruncus dioicus
Asarum canadense
Asclepias tuberosa
Aster divaricatus
Aster patens
Astilbe biternata
Baptisia tinctoria
Cauloph. thalictroides
Chelone lyonii
Chrysogonu. virginainum
Cimicifuga racemosa
Coreopsis auriculata
Coreopsis pubescens
Dicentra eximia
Dodecatheon meadia
Erythroni. americanum
Eupatorium fistulosum
Fragaria virginiana
Gaultheria procumbens
Geranium maculatum
Hepatica acutiloba
Heuchera americana
Hexastylis arifolia
Impatiens capensis
Iris cristata
Liatris spicata
Lilium superbum
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia puberula
Lobelia siphilitica
Lysimachia ciliata
Mitchella repens
Mitella diphylla
Monarda didyma
Pachysand. procumbens
Phacelia bepinnatifida
Phlox amoena
Phlox carolina
Phlox divaricata
Phlox paniculata
Phlox stolonifera
Pityopis graminifolia
Ploygonatum biflorum
Rudbeckia hirta
Sanguinaria canadensis
Shortia galacifolia
Silene virginica
Sisyrinchium mucronat.
Solidago rugosa
Thermopsis villosa
Tiarella cordifolia
Vernonia neveboracensis
Xanthorhiz. simplicissima

P-S
F-P
S
P-S
F
P-S
P-S
F-P
P-S
F
P-S
F-P
P
F
P-S
F-P
P-S
P-S
F
F
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-S
S
S
P-S
F-P
P-S
F
F-P
F-P
F-S
P-S
F-P
P-S
P-S
F-P
S
P-S
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-P
P-S
F
P-S
F
S
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
S
P-S
F
F-S

A
A
A
A-D
A
A-D
A
A
A
D
A-D
A-D
A
A
A-W
A-W
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A-D
A
A
A-S
D
A
A
A-D
A
A
W
A-P
W
A-W
A
A-D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
A-D
A
A-D
A
A
A
A-D
A-D
A
A
A-W
A

1-2'
2-3'
1-3'
1-2'
1/2-1'
28"
12"
4-7'
6"
1-2'
2-4'
1-3'
24-39"
2-3'
1-3'
24-30"
8"
1-3'
18"
3-4'
12-18"
1-2'
3-6'
5-8'
6"
4-8"
1-2'
4-9"
1-3'
6"
3'
4-8"
3'
4-6'
3-5'
2-4'
1-3'
2-3'
3"
1-2'
3-4'
9-12"
12-18"
2-3'
3-4'
12-18"
2-4'
6"
2'
2-3'
2-3'
6-10"
8"
10-20"
1'
2-5'
3-5'
6-12"
4-7'
2'

Small white flowers Apr-May; poisonous white berries Aug-Sep
Blue showy flowers in May
Lovely large white flowers followed by fluffy seed heads
Unique red & yellow flowers attract hummingbirds
Forms a low mat of little rosettes of white-wooly leaves
Simular to Jack-in-the-pulpit; goes dormant mid-summer
Spathe appears Mar-May; red berries late summer, fall
Feathery plumes of cream-colored flowers rise above foliage
Evergreen groundcover with heart-shaped glossy leaves
Clusters of brilliant orange flowers Jun-Aug
Showiest of shade-loving asters; white flowers in late spring
1 1/2" bright violet-blue flowers with yellow centers
Fern-like foliage and plume flowers
Small yellow flowers July-Aug
Green flowers Apr-May; blue poisonous berries
Showy pink flowers July-Sept
Yellow flowers contrast green foliage in spring & fall
Slender candle-like clusters of white slowers in summer & fall
Rich yellow flower head spring to frost if dead-headed
Bright golden yellow flowers all summer
Attractive foliage & interesting pink & white flowers
Delicate white to pink petals, red & yellow center
Large low-petaled yellow flowers
Purplish-pink flowers explode in Aug/Sept attracting butterflies
Forms groundcover; tasty fruit in early summer
Pink flowers in summer followed by edible fruit that persists
1" lavender-purple clowers in spring & summer
White, pink, blue, or purple solitary flowers in spring
Greenish-purple bell-shaped flowers bloom on leafless stalks
Spotty groundcover, heart-shaped leaves, jug-shaped flowers
Beautiful orange flowers attract butterflies & hummingbirds
Pale lavender-blue, crested flowers Apr-May
Tall purple spikes bloom after 2-3 years
Gorgeous orange flowers; morning sun & afternoon shade
Terminal clusters of bright red flowers each 1 1/2" long in fall
Spikes of flowers range from pale blue to violet
Elongated clusters of pale to dark blue flowers in late summer
Yellow flowers grow upside-down
Elegant pink flowers, red edible fruit,dense/creeping groundcvr
Produces distinctive clusters of tiny white flowers
Edible leaves; red flowers attract bees/hummingbirds
Mottled purple leaves; flowers are white with pink tinge
Reseeds readily; contact can cause allergic reaction
Clusters of fragrant rose&white flowers, attracts hummingbirds
Thick leaves & showy flower clusters
Fragrant lavender-blue flowers Apr-May
Clusters of magenta, pink lavender, or white flowers Jul-Sep
White, pink, purple to violet trumpet-shaped flowers in spring
Leaves look like silvery grass blades; Numerous yellow flowers
1/2" bell-shaped greenish-white flowers hang from leaf axils
2-4" flower heads with 10-20 bright yellow petals summer/fall
2" white flowers with yellow centers; roots have red sap
Waxy leaves & dainty, frilly, parasol-like white flowers in May
Deep red-pink flowers attract hummingbirds
Rich blue/purple flowers with yellow centers May-Jul
Tiny flowers look like strings of yellow baeds Aug-Oct
1" yellow flowers crowd long narrow erect clusters spring/sum
Evergreen groundcover; feathery white flowers Apr-Jun
Intense reddish-purple thistle-like heads
Bright green celery-like folliage; racemes of purple flowers

 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Ferns        
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.      Comments  
 

Maidenhair Fern
Lady Fern
Hay-scented Fern
Sensitive Fern
Cinnamon Fern
Royal Fern
Christmas Fern

Adiantum pedatum
Athyrium felix-femina
Dennstaedtia punctiloba
Onoclea sensibilis
Osmunda connamomea
Osmunda regalis
Polystich. acrostichoides

P-S
S
S-F
F-P
P-S
P
P-S

A
A-W
A
W
A-W
A-W
A

18-36"
18-24"
36"
12-24"
24-48"
2-6'
12-36"

Tiny fan-shaped deep blue-green fronds held on black stems
Delicate & lacy arching fronds have dark red stems at maturity
Fronds smell like hay when crushed
Deeply pinnate leaves; poisonous to livestock
Clusters of arching fronds; cinnamon colored fertile fronds
Bipinnate blade; pinnae resemble locust tree leaves
Stiff deep green fronds are once-pinnate

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS     HERBACEOUS PERENNIALS     FERNS  
 

IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION:

1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. North Carolina Wildflower Preservation Society.
http://www.ncwildflower.org

2. PlantNative Staff.


Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
 

 

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