home  |  plants  |  how-to  |  nursery  |  community  |  professional      
               
 

NATIVE PLANT LIST for Nebraska, Kansas, and Eastern Colorado

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Nebraska, Kansas, and Eastern Colorado. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.

Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS    GRASSES  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Silver Maple
Ohio Buckeye
Shagbark Hickory
Hackberry
Redbud
Downy Hawthorn
White Ash
Green Ash
Kentucky Coffee Tree
Black Walnut
Eastern Red Cedar
Prairie Crabapple
Ironwood
Sycamore
Eastern Cottonwood
Wild Plum
Black Cherry
White Oak
Bur Oak
Red Oak
Basswood
Acer saccharinum
Aesculus glabra
Carya ovata
Celtis occidentalis
Cercis canadensis
Crataegus mollis
Fraxinus americana
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Gymnocladus dioica
Juglans nigra
Juniperus virginiana
Malus ioensis
Ostrya virginiana
Platanus occidentalis
Populus deltoides
Prunus americana
Prunus serotina
Quercus alba
Quercus macrocarpa
Quercus rubra
Tilia americana

F-P
F-P
F-P
F
S-P
F-P
F-P
F
F
F
F
F
S-P
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F
F
S-P
P
W-A
A
A
A
A-D
A-D
A
A
A
A
A-D
A-D
A
W-A
W-A
A-D
A
A-D
A-D
A
A
75-100'
50-75'
75-100'
60-100'
15-30'
35-50'
75-120'
50-75'
75-100'
99-125'
30-80'
20-30'
30-50'
75-100'
100'
20-35'
50-60'
80-100'
80-100'
75-100'
60-125'
Lace-like leaves with white bloom on the underside
Greenish-yellow flowers (spring); yellow to orange (fall)
Yellow to golden-brown fall color; squirrels eat nuts
Mild yellow fall color; warty trunk is interesting in winter
In April, clusters of rosy-pink flowers line branches, trunk
White spring flowers become red fruit; yellow fall color
Yellow, maroon-purple fall color; butterfly larval plant
Grows rapidly; yellow fall color
Pinnate compound leaves; male, female separate plants
Edible nuts in fall; beautiful, wildlife-friendly tree
Good for screening; attracts birds
Fragrant pink flowers become very tart fruit; suckering
Cream-colored fruit looks like hops; yellow fall color
Leaves drop all summer; mottled white bark
Modest fall color; can be messy
White, fragrant flowers (spring); red, yellow fruit (sum.)
Messy tree; small edible berries in summer attract birds
Brown, red, wine fall color; acorns eaten by wildlife
Mild yellow-brown fall color
Russet to bright red fall color; grows rapidly
Wood for carving; nectar makes honey; birds like seeds
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find a Community Org:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Downy Serviceberry
Leadplant
Fragrant False Indigo
New Jersey Tea
Buttonbush
Swamp Dogwood
American Hazelnut
Sand Cherry
Chokecherry
Smooth Sumac
Buffalo Currant
Early Wild Rose
Illinois Rose
Elderberry
Silver Buffaloberry
Coralberry

Amelanchier arborea
Amorpha canescens
Amorpha nana
Ceonanthus americanus
Cephalanthus occidentalis
Cornus obliqua
Corylus americana
Prunus besseyi
Prunus virginiana
Rhus glabra
Ribes odoratum
Rosa blanda
Rosa setigera
Sambucus canadensis
Sheperdia argentea
Symphoricarp. orbiculatus

S-F
F
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
P
F-P
F-S
F
P
F
F
S-F
F
F

A
A-D
A-D
A-D
W-A
W-A
A-D
D
A
D
A-D
D
A-D
A
A-D
A-D

15-30'
1-3'
1-3'
2-3'
10-15'
8-10'
6-12'
4-6'
30-50'
10-20'
10-12'
2-5'
2-6'
10-12'
6-20'
4-6'

Yellow, orange, red fall color; white flowers in April
Iridescent purple flowers on silvery foliage; fixes nitrogen
Dense tufts of fragrant purple flowers in late spring
Short spikes of tiny white flowers in June
Hanging golf ball-like clusters attract butterflies
Fruits different colors at different stages for pleasing effect
Edible yummy nuts; suckering
White spring flowers; tart edible cherries; purple fall color
White flowers become barely edible fruit loved by birds
Velvety red fruit on female plants persist into winter
Yellow flowers in spring emit clove scent; birds eat berries
2-3" pink to white flowers; practically thornless!
Soft pink flowers with yellow centers bloom in July
Showy white flowers (July); edible fruit in September
Slivery leaves; thorns; edible berries that birds like
Large purple-pink berries ripen in fall, persist thru Spring
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find a Community Org:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Flowering Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
 

Red Baneberry
Wild Garlic
Prairie Onion
Canada Anemone
Columbine
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Swamp Milkweed
Butterfly Weed
Whorled Milkweed
Heath Aster
New England Aster
Sky Blue Aster
Silky Aster
White False Indigo
Cream False Indigo
Purple Poppy Mallow
American Bellflower
Partridge Pea
Prairie Larkspur
Tick-trefoil
Shooting Star
N.L. Purp. Coneflower
Rattlesnake Master
Boneset
Joe-Pye Weed
Flowering Spurge
Wild Strawberry
Blanket Flower
Wild Geranium
Common Sneezeweed
Ox-eye Sunflower
Virginia Waterleaf
Great St. John's Wort
Blue Flag Iris
R.H. Bush Clover
Rough Blazing Star
Prairie Blazing Star
Turk's Cap Lily
Great Blue Lobelia
Wild Bergamot
Evening Primrose
Beardtongue
Large-flo. Penstemon
White Prairie Clover
Purple Prairie Clover
Blue Phlox
Prairie Phlox
Obedient Plant
Solomon's Seal
Mountain Mint
Prairie Coneflower
Black-eyed Susan
Blue Sage
Rosinweed
Compass Plant
Cup Plant
White-eyed Grass
Gray Goldenrod
Stiff Goldenrod
Showy Goldenrod
Tall Meadow Rue
Blue Verbena
Ironweed
Common Blue Violet
Golden Alexanders

Actea rubra
Allium canadense
Allium stellatum
Anemone canadensis
Aquilegia canadensis
Arisaema triphyllum
Asclepias incarnata
Asclepias tuberosa
Asclepias verticillata
Aster ericoides
Aster novi-angliae
Aster oolentangiensis
Aster sericeus
Baptisia alba
Baptisia leucophaea
Callirhoe involucrata
Campanula americana
Chamaecrista fasciculata
Delphinium virescens
Desmodium canadense
Dodecatheon meadia
Echinacea angustifolia
Eryngium yuccifolium
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Eupatorium purpureum
Euphorbia corollata
Fragaria virginiana
Gaillardia aristata
Geranium maculatum
Helenium autumnale
Heliopsis helianthoides
Hydrophyllum virginianum
Hypericum pyramidatum
Iris shrevei
Lespedeza capitata
Liatris aspera
Liatris pycnostachya
Lilium michiganese
Lobelia siphilitica
Monarda fistulosa
Oenothera biennis
Penstemon digitalis
Penstemon grandiflorus
Petalostemum candidum
Petalostemum purpureum
Phlox divartica
Phlox polosa
Physostegia virginiana
Polygonatum biflorum
Pycnanthemu. virginianum
Ratibida columnifera
Rudbeckia hirta
Salvia pitcheri
Silphium integrifolium
Silphium laciniatum
Silphium perfoliatum
Sisyrinchium campestre
Solidago nemoralis
Solidago rigida
Solidago speciosa
Thalictrum dasycarpum
Verbena gastata
Vernonia fasciculata
Viola papilionacea
Zizea aurea
P-S
F
F-P
F-P
P-S
P
F-P
F
F
F
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
P-F
P
F
F-P
S-P
F
F
F-S
P-S
F
F-P
F
S-P
F
F
S-P
P-S
F-P
F
F
F
F-S
P
F-P
F
F-P
F
F
F
F-P
F
F-P
S
F-P
F
F-P
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F-P
S-P
F-P
F
S-P
F-S

A
A
A
A
A-D
A
W-A
A-D
A-D
A-D
W-A
A
A-D
A-D
A-D
A-D
A
A-D
A-D
A
A
A-D
A
W-A
A
A
A-D
A-D
A
W-A
A
A
A
W-A
A-D
A-D
W-A
W-A
W-A
A-D
A-D
A
A-D
A
A-D
A
A-D
A
A
W-A
A-D
A-D
D
A
A
A
A-D
A-D
A-D
A-D
A
A
A
A
A

1-2'
8-12"
1-2'
1-2
1-2'
1-2'
2-4'
1-2'
1-3'
1-3'
6'
1-3'
1-2'
2-5'
1-3'
6-24"
3-4'
1-3'
1-4
2-6'
6-20"
1.5-3'
4-6'
3-6'
2-6'
1-3'
3-6"
2-4'
1-3'
2-5'
3-4'
1'
2-6'
1-3'
2-4'
1-4'
2-5'
2-5'
2-3'
2-5'
2-4'
2-5'
2-3'
1-2'
1-2'
1-2.5'
1-2'
2-4'
1-5'
2-3'
1.5-3'
1-2'
2-4'
2-6'
3-12'
3-6'
8-15"
6-20"
1-5'
1-5'
3-5'
2-5'
2-5'
4-8"
1-3'

.5" puffy white flowers become red poisonous berries
Upright and topped with white or pink flowers
Single cluster of lavender flowers on a single stalk
Green foliage with white flowers late spring-early summer
Unique red, white flowers attract hummingbirds in spring
Spathe appears Mar-May; red berries late summer and fall
Pink to white flowers in the spring
Brilliant orange flowers atttract butterflies June-August
Fine textured foliage; white flower clusters; deer resistant
Profusion of tiny white flowers in fall
Lavender flowers with yellow centers late summer into fall
Spreading branches with 1" blue flowers bloom sum-fall
Distinct curved pale pinkish-purple flowers, pointed petals
Spikes of creamy white flowers above sea-green foliage
Cone-shaped cream colored flowers
Striking! Deep magenta flowers cover plant thru summer
Spikes of 1" blue flowers on upright branching stems
1-1.5" flowers with 5 bright yellow petals bloom sum-fall
Interesting white flowers June-July
Branches covered with pink-purple pea-like flowers (sum)
White-pink petals shoot back from red and yellow center
Purple flowers with brown centers attract butterflies
Yucca-like foliage; flowers in spherical thistle-like heads
Flat-top clusters of small white flowers in the fall
Large pink flowers attract butterflies in dorves (Aug-Sept)
Small white flowers with green, yellow centers (Jun-Sept)
Spring flowers become tasty fruit in early summer
3-4" flowers are red with yellow accents at petal edges
1" lavender-purple flowers in spring and summer
Daisy-like flowers with red, yellow petals in late summer
Clump forming; gold flowers (sum); birds, butterflies like
White or dark violet blooms May-August
Large bright flowers give contrast with dark green foliage
Deep blue markings with yellow flowers June-July
Bronze seedheads attract and feed birds
Pinkish-purple stalks of interesting flowers Aug-Sept.
Rounded fluffy rose-purple flowerheads on long spikes
Large flowers with yellow-orange spotted, curved petals
Elongated clusters of pale-dark blue flowers late sum-fall
Intricate lavender flowers attract butterflies July-Sept.
Lemon-scented yellow flowers open at dusk, close by noon
Long-blooming pure white flowers June into midsummer
Resembles lavender foxglove; attracts hummingbirds
Dense white 1-3" cylindrical flower spikes on 1-3' stalks
Dense bright purple cylindrical flower spikes on 1-3' stalks
Covered with 1.5" rosy lavender to pink flowers in spring
Bright pink spring flowers make strong visual impact
Resembles pink foxglove; flowers can be moved, stay put
.5" bell-shaped greenish-white flowers hang from leaf axils
Mint aroma; clusters of white flowers attract butterflies
Black cone-shaped head, drooping red or yellow petals
2-4" flower heads with 10-20 bright yellow petals, sum-fall
Tall, lanky; blooms in fall; butterflies, hummingbirds like
Bright, yellow daisy-like flowers in late summer
Sunflower-like flowers; basal leaves orient North-South
Sunflower-like flowers; pairs of cup-forming leaves
Iris-like foliage topped with delightful 5" light blue flowers
Arching stalks of golden yellow flowers bloom in fall
Bright yellow flat-topped flowers loved by birds, butterflies
Foot-long wands of blazing yellow in early autumn
Branched sprays of tiny purplish-white flowers (May-July)
Small blue flowers crowded into terminal spikes (Jun-Oct)
Blast of crimson color in fall; plant has good posture
Excellent groundcover with purple flowers in the spring
Bright yellow color can brighten up a shady spot
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find a Community Org:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennial Ferns          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Lady Fern Athyrium filix-femina






 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find a Community Org:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Grasses & Grass-like          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Western Wheatgrass
Big Bluestem
Sand Bluestem
Sideoats Grama
Blue Grama
Buffalo Grass
Bluejoint Grass
Awl-fruited Sedge
Canada Wild Rye
Bottlebrush Grass
June Grass
Switch Grass
Little Bluestem
Indian Grass
Prairie Cordgrass
N. Prairie Dropseed
Porcupine Grass
Cattail

Agropyron smithii
Andropogon gerardii
Andropogon hallii
Bouteloua curtipendula
Bouteloua gracilis
Buckloe dactyloides
Calamagrostis canadensis
Carex stipata
Elymus canadensis
Hystrix patula
Koeleria macrantha
Panicum virgatum
Schizachyrium scoparium
Sorghastrum nutans
Spartina pectinata
Sprorbolus heterolepis
Stipa spartea
Typhya latifolia

F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F-S
S-P
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F

A-D
A
D
A-D
A-D
A-D
W-A
W
A-D
A
A-D
A-D
A-D
A
W
A
A-D
W

1-2.5'
3-8'
3-5'
1-3'
1'
3-12"
3-5'
2-3'
2-4'
3'
1-2'
3-6'
1-3'
3-8'
5-6'
2'
2-4'
4-8'

Stiff bluish prominantly ribbed blades
Lower stems are purplish or bluish; stems are .5" wide
Hairy seedheads on tall talks; blades 8-12" long, .25" wide
Bluish-green, sometimes with purplish cast
Fine textured grass with light green color
Native turfgrass; soft blue-green color
Thin stems covered with thin, flat leaves
Provides wildlife food, cover in wet meadows, woods
Also called nodding rye; flowers resemble wheat July-Aug
Exquisite seedheads resemble bottlebrush June-Aug
Eye-catching upright chartreuse summer flower spikes
Bluish cast in summer; reddish fall color
Bright green-light blue leaves turn copper-orange, red
Foliage varies from drooping, green to upright, blue
Aquatic; graceful; weeping form; gold in autumn; spreads
Seeds smell like buttered popcorn
Golden horizontal banding on leaves; golden in fall
Strong vertical foliage with a fuzzy brown catkin

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS    GRASSES  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

2. PlantNative Staff.

Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
 

 

Home | Plants | Books | How-To | Directories
inbox@plantnative.com   About Us | Newsletter | Contact Us
© Copyright 2002-2004 PlantNative