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NATIVE PLANT LIST for Connecticut, Massachussetts, and Rhode Island

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Connecticut, Massachussetts, and Rhode Island. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


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  TREES     SHRUBS     GROUND COVERS and VINES    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Red Maple
American Hornbeam
Hackberry
Sour Gum
American Hop Hornbeam
Fire Cherry
White Oak
Acer rubrum
Carpinus caroliniana
Celtis occidentalis
Nyssa sylvatica

Ostrya virginiana
Prunus pensylvanica
Quercus alba


   
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Sweet Pepperbush
Winterberry Holly
Mountain Laurel
Swamp Azalea
Highbush blueberry
American Highbush Cranberry
Clethra alnifolia
Ilex verticillata
Kalmia latifolia
Rhododendron viscosum
Vaccinium corymbosum

Viburnum trilobum






 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Ground Cover and Vines          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Climbing Bittersweet
Virgin's Bower
Trumpet Honeysuckle
Virginia Creeper
Celastrus scandens
Clematis virginiana
Lonicera sempervirens
Parthenocissus quinquefolia

 


 



 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Flowering Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Pearly Everlasting
Plantain Pussy-toes
Wild Red Columbine
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Swamp Milkweed
White Wood Aster
Heath Aster
Smooth Aster
New England Aster
Marsh Marigold
Harebell
Turtlehead
Hollow Joe-Pye-Weed
Spotted Joe-Pye-Weed
Boneset
Sweet Joe-Pye-Weed
Wild Geranium
Pale-leaved Sunflower
Bluets
Yellow Stargrass
Slender Blue Flag Iris
Larger Blue Flag Iris
Canada Lily
Wood Lily
Cardinal Flower
Wild Blue Lupine
Fringed Loosestrife
May Lily
Solomon's Plume
Wild Bee-Balm
Virginia Mountain-mint

Meadow Beauty
Green-headed Coneflower
Starry Campion
Blue-eyed Grass
Bluestem Goldenrod
Purple Meadowrue
Starflower
Blue Vervain
Birdfoot Violet
Downy Yellow Violet
Anaphalis margaritacca
Antennaria plantaginifolia
Aquilegia canadensis
Arisaema triphyllum
Asclepias incarnata
Aster divaricatus
Aster ericoides
Aster laevis
Aster novae-angliae
Caltha palustris
Campanula rotundifolia
Chelone glabra
Eupatorium fistulosum
Eupatorium maculatum
Eupatorium perfoliatum
Eupatorium purpureum
Geranium maculatum
Helianthus strumosus
Houstonia caerulea
Hypoxis hirsuta
Iris prismatica
Iris versicolor
Lilium candensis
Lilium philadelphicum
Lobelia cardinalis
Lupinus perennis
Lysimachia ciliata
Maianthemum candense
Maianthemum racemosum
Monarda fistulosa
Pycnanthemum virginianum
Rhexia virginica

Rudbeckia laciniata
Silene stellata
Sisyrinchium angustifolium
Solidago caesia
Thalictrum dasycarpum
Trientalis borealis
Verbena hastata
Viola pedata
Viola pubescens


 


 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find Community Services:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennial Ferns          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Marginal Wood Fern
Ostrich Fern
Cinnamon Fern
Christmas Fern
Dryopteris marginalis
Mattuccia struthiopteris
Osmunda cinnamomea
Polystichum acrostichoides

F-P
P-S
P-S
P-S

A-D
A
W-A
A

24"
36"
36"
12"

Fronds blue-green; tolerates rocky sites
Beautiful fronds; fiddleheads edible
Attractive cinnamon color fertile frond (spring)
Leathery, evergreen fronds

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS     GROUND COVERS and VINES    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Connecticut Botanical Society: www.ct-botanical-society.org

2. PlantNative Staff.


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