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NATIVE PLANT LIST -
Western Oregon and Western Washington

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for western Oregon and western Washington. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.

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  TREES       SHRUBS       PERENNIALS-SUN       PERENNIALS-SHADE  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Soil
Moist.
Height
Comments  
  Deciduous:
Vine Maple
Big Leaf Maple
Alder (Red)
Pacific Madrone
Paper Birch
Black Hawthorne
Pacific Dogwood
Oregon Ash
Crab Apple
Indian Plum
Aspen (Quaking)
Black Cottonwood
Bitter Cherry
Oregon White Oak
Cascara
Pacific Willow

Evergreen:
Grand Fir
Noble Fir
Sitka Spruce
Ponderosa Pine
Douglas Fir
Giant Sequoia
Western Redcedar
Western Hemlock


Acer circinatum
Acer macrophyllum
Alnus rubra
Arbutus menziesii
Betula papyrifera
C. douglasii
Cornus nuttallii
Fraxinus latifolia
Malus spp.
Oemleria cerasiformis
Populus tremuloides
Populus trichocarpa
Prunus emarginata
Quercus garryana
Rhamnus purshiana
Salix lasiandra


A. grandis
A. procera
Picea sitchensis
Pinus ponderosa
Pseudotsuga menzies
Sequoiadendron giganteum
Thuga plicata
Tsuga hereophylla

 


F-S
F-P
F
F
F-S
F
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F
F
F-P
F
F-P
F


F-P
F

F
F
F
P


A-W
A
W
A
A
W
A
W
A-W
D-A
A-W
W
A
D-A
A
W


D-A


D-W
D-W
A
A-W


25'
30-100'
40-100'
40-80'
80'
20-30'
30-50'
40-75'
15-35'
16'
40-80'
70-100'
20-60'
30-100'
30'
20'


100-200'

100-150'
60-130'
75-200'
200
100-175'
125-200'


Attractive fall colors. Shade, ornmntl, undrstry.
Yellow fall color. Excellent shade.
Good along streams for erosion control, shade.
Reddish bark, shiny leaves, white flowers.
Peeling white bark. Yellow fall color.
Low-growing. Berries for birds. Erosion control.
White flowers, pink-red berries.
Gray/brown bark, olive green leaves.
Small green to red fruit, yellow/red fall color.
Blooms Jan, Feb. White flowers, purple plums.
Food source for deer & other mammals.
Nesting for large birds. Fast-growing.
White flowers, conspicuous red seeds.
Only native OR oak. Wide spreading branches.
Silver grey bark. Berries attract birds.
Yellow bark, good along streams and ponds.


Tall, straight, stately, gray-brown bark.
Symmetrical, conical, smooth. Good Xmas tree.

Scaled, colored bark. Vanilla fragrance.
OR state tree. Can live over 1000 years.
Gray-green foliage and reddish brown bark.
Great for wildlife cover, restoration, ornamental.
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height
   
  Vine Maple
Serviceberry
Hairy Manzanita
Kinnikinnick
Tall Oregon Grape
Snowbrush
Red-osier dogwood
Western Hazelnut
Salal
Ocean Spray
Western Honeysuckle
Twinberry
Creeping Oregon Grape
Indian Plum
Mock Orange
Pacific Ninebark
Bald-hip rose
Wood rose
Cascara buckthorn
Red Flowering Currant
Nootka rose
Salmonberry
Red Elderberry
Western Spirea
Snowberry
Black Huckleberry
Evergreen Huckleberry
Red Huckleberry

Acer circinatum
Amelanchier alnifolia
Arctostaphylos columbiana
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Berberis aquifolium
Ceanothus velutinus
Cornus stolonifera
Corylus cornuta var. cal.
Gaultheria shallon
Holodiscus discolor
Lonicera ciliosa
Lonicera invlucrata
Mahonia nervosa
Osmaronia cerasiformis
Philadelphus lewisii
Physocarpus capitatus
R. gymnocarpa
R. woodsii
Rhamnus purshiana
Ribes sanguineum
Rosa nutkana
Rubus spectabilis
S. racemosa
Spiraea douglasii
Symphoricarpos spp.
Vaccinium membranaceum
Vaccinium ovatum
Vaccinium parvifolium



F

F-P


F-S

F-S
P-S


F-S

F-P
F-S
F


F-P

F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P


A

A


W

A
D-W


D-W

D-A
W
D


A

A-W
A
A-W
D-W

5-35'
4-15'
10-15'
12"
8-10'
9'
15'
5-12'
6'
3-20'
vine
4-8'
12"
15-20'
4-10'
10'
5 '
1-8'
1-8'
10-35'
8-10'
12'
1-8'
3-6'
8-20'
2-6'
4'
2-8'
3-12'

hjhgjhvg
Red fruit attracts birds. Imprtnt browse for deer.

Dark green leaves, red edible berries.


Red stem, white flowers, white berries.

Lustrous leaves. Spreads where other shrbs fail.
Creamy white flowers. Riparian restoration.


Holly-like leaves, dark blue edible berries.

Aromatic white flowers attract bees & butterflies.
Clusters of white flowers, maple-like leaves.

Large, pink flowers. Attracts birds, mammals.

Beautiful. Attracts butterflies, hummingbirds.

Forms dense thickets. Yellow/red edible fruits.
Fast-growing. White flowers, red berries.
Leggy. Pink/purple flowers in July. Ornamental.
Attractive foliage. Waxy berries through winter.

 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennials - Sun          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height
   
 

Red Columbine
Shooting Star
White Fawn Lily
Tiger Lily
Big Leaf Lupine
Oregon Stonecrop
Yellow-Eyed Grass

Aquilegia formosa
Dodecatheon hendersonii
Erythronioum oregonum
Lilium columbianum
Lupinus polyphyllus
Sedum oregonum
Sysyrinchium californicum

F-P
F
F-S
F
F
F-P
F-P

A-W
A-W
A

A-W
A-W
W

to 3'



3-4'


Soft foliage, drooping red to yellow flowers.
Magenta to lavender flowers on singular stalk.
Lance-shaped leaves, white nodding flower.
Bright orange flowers with red or purple spots.
Nitrogen fixer. Blue to violet pea-like flowers.
Yellow to pink flowers. Good for rock gardens.
Yellow flowers on short stalks. Spreads easily.

 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find a Community Org:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennials - Shade        
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height Comments  
 

Dwarf Dogwood
Bleeding Heart
Early Blue Violet

Cornus canadensis
Decentra formosa
Viola adunca

S
S
S

W
W
W


1-2'
to 4"

Low, trailing. White flwrs, red berry-like drupes.
Fern-like. Pink/purple heart-shaped flowers.
Heart-shaped leaves, yellow flwrs, purple lines.

 
               
  TREES       SHRUBS       PERENNIALS-SUN       PERENNIALS-SHADE  
 

IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION:

1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. East Multnomah SWCD 2006 Native Plant Descriptions
East Multnomah Soil and Water Conservation District
2701 NW Vaughn St. Suite 450, Portland, OR 97210

2. PlantNative Staff.
 
 

 

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