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NATIVE PLANT LIST - UTAH and WESTERN COLORADO

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Utah and Western Colorado. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.

Find another Native Plant List!
 
 
  TREES       SHRUBS       FLOWERING PERENNIALS       GRASSES  
  Trees              
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun DT D/E Ht.
    Comments
 
  White Fir
Subalpine Fir
Catclaw Acacia
Big Tooth Maple
Thinleaf Alder
Water Birch
Desert Willow
River Hawthorne
Singleleaf Ash
Velvet Ash
Utah Juniper
Blue Spruce
Singleleaf Pinyon
Pinyon Pine
Narrowleaf Cottonwood
Fremont Cottonwood
Fremont Popular
Velvet Mesquite
Douglas Fir
Gambel Oak
New Mexico Locust
Dwarf Mountain Ash

Abies concolor
Abies lasiocarpa
Acacia greggii
Acer grandidentatum
Ainus incana
Betula occidentalis
Chilopsis linearis
Crataegus douglasii
Fraxinus anomalus
Fraxinus velutina
Jun. osteosperma
Picea pungens
Pinus edulis
Pinus monophylla
Populus angustifolia
Populus fremontii
Populus frenentii
Populus glandulosa
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Quercus gambelii
Robinia neomexicana
Sorbus scopulina

P
S
F
F
P
F
F
F
F
F
F
P
F
F
F
F
F
F
P
F
F
P
M
P
E
G
P
G
G
P
G
G
E
P
E
E
M
G
M
E
M
G
G
P
E
E
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
D
E
E
E
E
D
D
D
D
E
D
D
D
70'
80'
20'
30'
30'
5-20'
25'
5-25'
20'
40'
30'
70'
20'
20'
40'
55'
60'
30'
80'
30'
25'
13'
Beautiful in mass or alone
Cover for birds; food for squirrels; for small spaces
Nectar for bees, butterflies; forms thorny thicket
Food, cover for birds, mammals, deer; fall color
Seed, cover for birds; spring "cones;" winter bark
Seed, cover for birds; nice winter form, branch color
Nectar for hummingbirds; profuse pink flowers
Nesting cover, fruit for birds; nice blossoms and fruit
Seeds for birds, mammals; start from seed, cutting
Provides seed for birds; velvety leaves
Food, cover for birds, mammals; nice bark, form
Cover for birds, mammals; blue-green foliage
Pine nuts for birds, mammals; slow-growth; graceful
Pine nuts for birds, mammals; pictureque evergreen
Soft wood for nest cavities; medium-size shade tree
Soft wood for nest cavities; fem. produces cotton
Soft wood for nest cavities; fem. produces cotton
Bee nectar; bird food; green foliage; 3-6" seedpods
Year-round bird cover, pretty screen, windbreak
Acorns; winter cover; not hardy N of Ogden
Bee nectar; seeds for quail, squirrels; lav. flowers
Fruit for birds, white flowers in spring; berries in fall
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in Utah
Find a Community Org in Utah
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Drought Tol.
E = Excellent
G = Good
M = Moderate
P = Poor
Deciduous or Evergreen
D = Deciduous
E = Evergreen
  Shrubs              
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun DT D/E Ht.
    Comments
 
  Utah Serviceberry
Silver Sagebrush
Fringed Sage
Big Sagebrush
Sand Sage
Four-wing Saltbush
Snowbrush Ceanothus
Winterfat
Curl-leaf Mtn Mohogany
Birchleaf Mtn Mohogany
Fernbrush
Rubber Rabbitbrush
Red-osier Dogwood
Indigo Bush
Mormon Tea
Apache Plume
Creosotebush
Utah Honeysuckle
Purple Sage
Chokecherry
Cliffrose
Bitterbrush
Shrub Live Oak
Wavyleaf Oak
Squawbush Sumac
Golden Currant
Woods Rose
Sandbar Willow
Blue Elderberry
Greaswood
Roundleaf Buffaloberry
Snowberry
Canyon Wild Grape
Soap Tree Yucca
Yucca

Amelanchier utahensis
Artemesia cana
Artemesia frigida
Artemesia tridentata
Artemisin filifolia
Atriplex canescens
Ceanothus velutinus
Ceratoides lanata
Cercocarpus ledifolius
Cercocarpus montanus
Chamaebatiaria millefol.
Chrysothamnus nauseo.
Cornus sericea
Dalea fremontii
Ephedra nevadensis
Fallugia paradoxa
Larrea tridentata
Lonicera utahensis
Poliomintha incana
Prunus virginiana
Purshia mexiciana
Purshia tridentata
Quercus turbinella
Quercus undulata
Rhus trilobata
Ribes aureum
Rosa woodsii
Salix exigua
Sambucus caerulea
Sarcobatus vermiculatus
Shepherdia rotundifolia
Symphoricarpas species
Vitis arizonica
Yucca elata
Yucca harrimaniae

F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
P
F
F
F
F
S
S
P
F
F
F
F
F
P
F
F
F
F
F
P
F
F
F

G
E
E
E
E
E
M
E
E
E
E
E
P
E
E
G
E
G
E
G
E
E
E
G
E
M
G
P
P
E
E
G
G
E
E

D
D
E
D
D
E
E
D
E
D
D
D
E
P
E
E
D
E
D
D
D
E
E
E
D
D
D
E
D
E
E
D
D
E
E

6-15'
2-5'
1-2'
2-5'
4'
4-6'
1-3'
1-3'
8-12'
4-9'
6-8'
2-6'
10-15'
3'
2-4'
3-6'
4-10'
2-5'
3'
15-20'
6'
2-6'
4-8
4-8'
2-6'
4-6'
2-6'
5-15'
6-12'
2-6'
3-4'
3
vine
6'
2-3'

Spring flowers, purple berries, muted fall colors
Silvery, aromatic foliage; seeds,cover for animals
Delicate silvery gray foliage; seeds for birds
Silvery, aromatic foliage; seeds,cover for animals
Lovely, feathery foliage; seeds for birds
Rose-hued fruits on female plants; great bird seed
Glossy leaves and spring flowers; nectar plant
Profuse fruits in fall; winter food for birds
Ornamental spiralled seeds; winter deer food
Ornamental seed heads and fall color
Long-lasting mid-summer flowers; fernlike leaves
Yellow fall cover; seeds and cover for birds
Spring flowers; fall white berries; winter red twigs
Profuse fragrant purple flowers; nectar plant
Interesting shrub accent; seeds attract quail
White flowers in spring; seed heads fall and winter
Screen or wind break; nectar plant; cover for birds
Yellow flowers late spring; fruit for birds
Blue/purple flowers all summer; nectar plant
Spring flowers; dark purple fruit; red-orange color
Fragrant yellow summer flowers; fall seed plumes
Spring yellow flowers; winter browse for deer
Attractive evergreen shrub; food and cover for birds
Attractive evergreen shrub; quail, chipmunk food
Red fall color; red fall fruit; food and cover for birds
Yellow spring berries; red fall color; fruit for birds
Spring pink flowers; fall red hips; winter animal food
Great branch color in fall; dense cover for wildlife
White spring flowers; showy dark blue fruit
Light green foliage; year-round cover small animals
Reflective, silvery leaves; quail, chipmunk food.
White berries in fall and winter; fruit for birds
Colorful fruit for birds; bark for nests
Creamy white blossoms; nectar for moths
Creamy flowers on tall stalks; nectar for moths

 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in Utah
Find a Community Org in Utah
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Drought Tol.
E = Excellent
G = Good
M = Moderate
P = Poor
Deciduous or Evergreen
D = Deciduous
E = Evergreen
  Flowering Perennials            
  Common Name Scientific Name Color Bloom Ht.      Comments  
  Butterfly Weed
Desert Marigold
Arrowleaf Balsamroot
Indian Paintbrush
Skyrocket Gilia
Rock Mountain Beeplant
Aspen Daisy
Sulpher Buckwheat
Wild Geranium
Sunflower
Western Sunflower
Blue Flax
Silvery Lupine
Prairie Aster
Four O'Clock
Bee Balm
Evening Primrose
Wasatch Penstemon
Firecracker Penstemon
Palmer Penstemon
Rocky Mt. Penstemon
Scarlet Globemallow
Globemallow
Asclepias tuberosa
Baileya multiradiata
Balsamorhiza sagittate
Castilleja linariaefolia
Cilia aggregate
Cleome serrulata
Erigeron speciosus
Eriogonum umbellatum
Geranium viscosissimum
Helianthus annuus
Helianthus anomalus
Linum lewisii
Lupinus argenteus
Machaeranth tanacetifo.
Mirabilis multipflora
Monarda species
Oenothera caespitose
Penstemon cyananthus
Penstemon eatoni
Penstemon palmeri
Penstemon strictus
Sphaeralcea coccinea
Sphaeralcea
 grossulariaefolia

Orange
Yellow
Yellow
Red
Orange
Pink/Purple
Purple
Wht/Yellow
Pink
Yellow
Yellow
Blue
Blue
Purple
Purple
Purple
Wht/Pink
Blue
Red
Cream/Pink
Blue/Purple
Orange
Red/Orange

Su
All Su
Sp
Su
Su
Sp-Su
Su
Su
Su-F
LSu
LSu
Su
Su
Su-F
All Su
All Su
ESu
Su
Sp-ESu
ESu
ESu
Sp-F
Sp-F

36"
18-24"
16-30"
12-40"
12-18"
36"
12-24"
6-12"
12-36"
72"
72"
24"
12-24"
12-18"
24"
24"
8"
18-36"
24"
36-48"
24"
6-12"
24-36"

Attracts butterflies
Very drought tolerant and showy
Early season color; large plant
Difficult to establish; attracts hummingbirds
Attracts hummingbirds
Attracts bees
Showy, aster-like flowers
Attracts bees, seeds in F/W, matted ground cover
Long blooming season
Provides bird seed for fall and winter
Provides bird seed in fall
Prolific bloomer; spreads rapidly-use in large area
Attracts butterflies
Blooms late into season
Stunning ornamental; attracts hummingbirds
Attracts bees and butterflies
Very drought-tolerant/tough/fragrant/attracts moths
Showy ornamental
Attracts hummingbirds
Very fragrant, tubular summer flowers
Hardy; easy to grow
Flowers resemble small hollyhocks
Very hardy; blooms all summer

 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in Utah
Find a Community Org in Utah
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Drought Tol.
E = Excellent
G = Good
M = Moderate
P = Poor
Deciduous or Evergreen
D = Deciduous
E = Evergreen
  Grasses            
  Common Name Scientific Name C/W DT B/S Ht.
   
 
  Side-oats Grama
Blue Grama
Saltgrass
Great Basin Wildrye
Western Wheatgrass
Bluebunch Wheatgrass
Slender Wheatgrass
Sheep Fescue
Galleta
Prairie Junegrass
Sandberg Bluegrass
Alakali Sacaton
Sand Dropseed
Needle and Thread
Indian Ricegrass
Desert Needlegrass

Bouteloua curtipendula
Bouteloua gracilis
Distichlis spicata
Elymus cinereus
Elymus smithii
Elymus spicatus
Elymus trachycaulus
Festuca ovina
Hilaria jamesii
Koeleria macrantha
Poa secunda
Sporobolus airoides
Sporobolus cryptandrus
Stipa comate
Stipa hymenoides
Stipa speciosa
W
W
W
C
C
C
C
C
W
C
C
W
W
C
C
C

E
E
E
E
E
G
M
M
E
G
E
E
E
E
E
G

B
B/S
S
B
S
B
S
B
B/S
B
B
B
B
B
B
B

12-24"
12-18"
6-20"
24-36"
12-24"
12-24"
12-24"
12-24"
6-12"
12-24"
12-24"
12-24"
12-24"
24-36"
12-24"
12-24"




C/W


C = Cool Season
W = Warm Season


B/S


B = Bunch
S = Sod

 
                 
  TREES       SHRUBS       FLOWERING PERENNIALS      GRASSES  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Creating landscapes for wildlife; a Guide for Backyards in Utah
A cooperative project between the State of Utah Natural Resources Division of Wildlife Resources and Utah State University Cooperative Extension Service and Department of Landscape Architecture and Environmental Planning.


2. PlantNative Staff.
 
 

 

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