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NATIVE PLANT LIST
Idaho, Eastern Oregon, and Eastern Washington

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Idaho, eastern Oregon and eastern Washington. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


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  TREES     SHRUBS      FLOWERING PERENNIALS    GRASSES  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Soil
Moist.
Height
    Comments
 
  Big-tooth Maple
Water Birch
Netleaf Hackberry
Western Juniper
Western Larch
Blue Spruce
Pinyon Pine
Western White Pine
Ponderosa Pine
Quaking Aspen
Black Cottonwood
Douglas Fir
Rocky Mountain Ash
Acer grandidentatum
Betula occidentalis
Celtis reticulata
Juniperus occidentalis
Larix occidentalis
Picea pungens
Pinus edulis
Pinus monticola
Pinus ponderosa
Populus tremuloides
Populus trichocarpa
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Sorbus scopulina
F-P
F
F
F
F
F-P
F
F-P
F
F
F
F-P
F-P
A-W
A-W
D
D
A
A
D
A
D
W
W
A
W
8-40'
15-25'
10-30'
20-30'
150'
30'
10-20'
150'+
130'
50'
100'
200'
13'

Fall foliage varies from orange to yellow.
An excellent choice for Rocky Mtn. states.
Reddish orange berries in the fall.
Blue-green cones appear in the spring.
This deciduous conifer turns golden in fall.
Large evergreen with a silver-blue color.
Requires full sun and good drainage.
Grows best in sun with moist, well-drained soil.
Yellow brown, sweet-scented bark on old trees.
Leaves turn gold in fall, shimmer in wind.
Oval leaves are glossy dark green.
Best in full sun with well-drained soil.
Bet in moist, well-drained acidic soil.
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height
    Comments
 
  Rocky Mountain Maple
Saskatoon Serviceber.
Kinnikinnick
Silver Sagebrush
Fringed Sagebrush
Louisiana Sage
Big Sagebrush
Four-wing Saltbush
Curl-leaf Mtn. Mahog.
Mountain Mahogany
Fern Bush
Rubber Rabbitbrush
Green Rabbitbrush
Red-osier Dogwood
Douglas Hawthorn
Mormon Tea
Apache Plume
Winterfat
Creeping Oregon Grape
Mockorange, Syringa
Ninebark
Shrubby Cinquefoil
Bitter Cherry
Chokecherry
Antelope Bitterbush
Smooth Sumac
Oakleaf Sumac
Golden Currant
Red-flowering Currant
Woods' Rose
Blue Elderberry
Silver Buffaloberry
Russet Buffaloberry
Common Snowberry

Acer glabrum
Amerlanchier alnifolia
Arctostaphylos uva-ursi
Artemisia cana
Artemisia frigida
Artemisia ludoviciana
Artemisia tridentata
Atriplex canescens
Cercocarpus ledifolius
Cercocarpus montanus
Chamaeb. millefolium
Chrysoth. nauseosus
Chrysoth. viscidiflorus
Cornus stolonifera
Crataegus doulasii
Ephedra viridis
Fallugia paradoxa
Kraschen. lanata
Mahonia repens
Philadelphus lewisii
Physocarp. malvaceus
Potentilla fruticosa
Prunus emarginata
Prunus virginiana
Purshia tridentata
Rhus glabra
Rhus trilobata
Ribes aureum
Ribes sanguineum
Rosa woodsii
Sambucus cerulea
Sheperdia argentea
Sheperdia canadensis
Symphoricarpos albus


F-P
P
P
F
F
F
F
F
F
F-P
F
F
F
F-S
F-P
F
F
F
P-S
F-P
F-S
P
F-P
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
P
F-S
F-P
P
F-P
P-S

A-W
A
A
D-A
A
A
D-A
D-A
D-A
A
A
D-A
D-A
A
A
D
D-A
D
D-A
D-A
A
A
A
A
D
A
D-A
A
A
D-A
W
W-A
D-A
A

8-25'
5-20'
6"
3-5'
8-18"
12-18"
3-12'
4-5'
8-15'
5-10'
6-8'
2-7'
3'
3-9'
8-20'
2-5'
4-6'
1-3'
1'
4-10'
3-6'
3'
6-8'
10-20'
5-8'
4-20'
3-6'
3-6'
3-5'
3-4'
8-12'
10-15'
3-12'
4-6'
Showy fall foliage is red, orange, and yellow.
White flowers April-May become purple fruit.
Mat-forming shrub has pink flowers Mar-Apr.
Semi-evergreen shrub with silver foliage.
Foliage is metallic silver.
Smells strongly of sagebrush.
Yellow inconspicuous flowers in the fall
Yellow inconspicuous flowers mid-spring
Evergreen; dark green leaves, gray bark
White flowers Apr-May, Plumes persist into fall
White flowers in summer
Dark yellow flowers late summer into fall
Leaves green, shiny, and sticky
White flowers May-Jun, berries attract birds
Showy clusters of white flowers mid spring
Yellow flower-like cones and berry-like fruits.
White to rose flowers late spring-early summer
Tolerates highly alkaline soil, needs drainage
Holly-like leaves; drought and shade tolerant
Incredibly fragrant flowers begin late spring
White flowers (spring); red fall color
Yellow flowers early summer- mid fall
Fragrant white flowers become red cherries
White flowers in spring become red-purple fruit
Yellow highly fragrant flowers Apr-May.
Compound, blue-green leaves turn red in fall.
Leaves turn a bright red to orange color in fall.
Bright yellow flowers in early spring.
Pale to dark pink flower spikes in early spring.
Pale to dark pink flowers bloom in late May.
Small white flowers in late spring; attracts birds
Dense form of silver foliage, good bird habitat
Leaves are blue-green, often with rusty dots
Pink to white flwoers bloom in May or June
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Flowering Perennials (Wildflowers)        
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height
    Comments
 
 

Western Yarrow
Parry's Agave
Pearly Everlasting
Rosy Pussytoes
CO Blue Columbine
Western Columbine
Wild Aster
Arrowleaf Balsamroot
Blue Camas
Purple Coneflower
Cut-leaf Daisy
Wyeth Buckwheat
Snow Buckwheat
Sulfur Buckwheat
Woolly Sunflower
Blanket Flower
Sticky Geranium
Prairie Smoke
Texas Red Yucca
Scarlet Gilia
Wild Blue Flax
Silver Lupine
MO Evening Primrose
Prickly Pear Cactus
Pagoda Penstemon
Scarlet Bugler
Dark Blue Penstemon
Hot Rock Penstemon
Firecracker Penstemon
Shrubby Penstemon
Palmer Penstemon
Pine-Leaf Penstemon
Rydberg's Penstemon
Showy Penstemon
Rocky Mtn. Penstemon
Lovely Penstemon
Whipple's Penstemon
Prairie Clover
Goldenrod
Desert Globemallow
Gooseberry-leaf Globe.
Orange Globemallow
Prince's Plume
Narrowleaf Yucca

Achillea millefolium
Agave parryi
Anaphalis margaritacea
Antennaria spp.
Aquilegia caerulea
Aquilegia formosa
Aster spp.
Balsamorhiza sagittata
Camassia quamash
Echinacea purpurea
Erigeron compositus
Eriogon. heracleoides

Eriogonum niveum
Eriogonum umbellatum
Eriophyllum lanatum
Gaillardia aristata
Gerani. viscosissimum
Geum triflorum
Hesperaloe parviflora
Ipomopsis aggregata
Linum perenne
Lupinus argenteus
Oenoth. missouriensis
Opuntia spp.
Penstemon angustifolius
Penstemon barbatus
Penstemon cyaneus
Penstemon deustus
Penstemon eatonii
Penstemon fruticosus
Penstemon palmeri
Penstemon pinifolius
Penstemon rydbergii
Penstemon speciosus
Penstemon strictus
Penstemon venustus
Penstemon whippleanus
Petalostem. purpureum
Solidago spp.
Sphaeralcea ambigua
Sphaera. grossulariifolia
Sphairalcea munroana
Stanleya pinnata
Yucca glauca


F
F
F-P
F-P
P
P
F
F
F
F-P
F
F
F
F
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F
F-P
F-P
F
F
P
F
F
F
F
F
F
F

D
D
A
A
A
A-W
A
A
W
A
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
A
D
A
A
A
D
D
A
A
A
A
A
A
D-A
A
A
A
A
A
A
D
A
A
D-A
D-A
D
A

1-3.5'
24"
6-18"
4-8"
12-30"
2-3'
12-36"
12-24"
1-2'
2-3'
6"
6-16"
6-18"
1'
6-12"
24"
12-30"
18"
4'
12-24"
8-24"
8-24"
6-12"
12"
1'
2-3'
12-28"
8-18"
3'
18"
2-4'
6-18"
8-28"
2-6"
1-3'
36"
8-24"
1-2.5'
2-5'
20-40"
12-24"
12-24"
3-4'
3-6'
White flowers fading to cream from spring-fall
Light gray to green foliage is broad and flat
White flowers bloom prolifically Jun-Sep
Pink and white flowers Jun-Jul; drought tolerant
Blue and white unique blooms Jun-Aug
Unique red and yellow flowers spring-summer
Purple, light blue to cream flowers
Plants don't flower until they are five years old
Blue petals and yellow stamen blooms May-Jun
Continuously blooms (purple) summer-fall
Numerous white to lavender flowers in spring
Creamy white flowers; drought tolerant
White flowers in the summer and fall
Yellow flowers with hints of reddish orange
Yellow flowers in the spring; drought tolerant
Flower rays a mix of red, yellow or orange
Pink to lavender flowers with red veins May-Sep
Reddish to purplish flowers
Red blooms in summer reach 5'; slow-growing
Red flowers (Jun) attract hummingbirds
Blue flowers all spring and summer; drought tol
Blue to white flowers; nitrogen fixing
Yellow flowers Jun-Sep; slightly fragrant
Flowers of yellow, pink, or red bloom Jun-Jul
Comes in various shades of blue to lavender
Distinctly bright red corolla, flowers Jun-Sep
Dark blue to violet flowers May-Aug
Small creamy white flowers May-Jun
Flower stalks lined with bright red flowers
Blue/lavender to light purplish flowers May-Jun
Large pink fragrant flowers attract hummingbird
Red flowers attract hummingbirds
Bluish-purple flowers in whirls around stem
Bright purple to violet flowers May-Jun
Blue to violet blooms Jun-Jul
Stunning flowers lavender-purple May-Jun
Flowers usually creamy white-green Jul-Aug
Pinkish purple flowers May-Sep; fixes nitrogen
Yellow flowers cover plant late summer-fall
Orange to brick red flowers Mar-Jun
Salmon colored flowers in the summer
Apricot-pink to reddish-orange flowers
Spikes of lacy yellow flowers spring-summer
Creamy white bell shaped flowers in July
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find Community Services:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Grasses        
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height
    Comments
 
 

Indian Ricegrass
Little Bluestem
Blue Grama
Buffalograss
Bottlebrush Squirreltail
Idaho Fescue
Sheep Fescue
Great Basin Wildrye
Bluebunch Wheatgrass
Sand Dropseed

Achnather. hymenoides
Andropogon scoparium
Bouteloua gracilis
Buchloe dactyloides
Elymus elymoides
Festuca idahoensis
Festuca ovina
Leymus cinereus
Pseudo. spicata
Sporobolus cryptandrus

F
F
F
F
F
F-P
F-P
F
F
F

D
A
D
D
D
A
D-A
D
D
D

12-16"
12-36"
4-12"
3-5"
13-24"
18"
18"
4-6'
13-24"
8-16"
Beautiful inflorescence when it goes to seed
Blue-green warm season grass; reddish in fall
Mat forming warm season grass
Long blue-gray to green blades; reddish in fall
Unique tufted seed head in mid-spring
Gray-blue blades in early summer
Does not do well in continuously wet sites
Bluish tan blades with wheatlike seed heads
Bluish cast, decorative inflorescence
Stays green in heat of summer; resists fire if mowed anually
 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS      FLOWERING PERENNIALS    GRASSES  
 

IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION:

1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Landscaping with Native Plants of the Intermountain Region
US Department of the Interior Bureau of Land Management in cooperation with Boise State University and the Pahove Chapter of the Idaho Native Plant Society
www.id.blm.gov/publications/TR1730-3/cover_p7.pdf.

2. Idaho Native Plant Society.
P.O. Box 9451, Boise, ID 83707
www.idahonativeplants.org/

3. PlantNative Staff.
 

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