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NATIVE PLANT LIST for Michigan, Wisconsin, & Eastern Minnesota

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Michigan, Wisconsin, and eastern Minnesota. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


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  TREES     SHRUBS   FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Red Maple
Sugar Maple
Apple Serviceberry
River Birch
American Hornbeam
Pignut Hickory
Shagbark Hickory
Hackberry
Pagoda Dogwood
Flowering Dogwood
Grey Dogwood
Hawthorn
Eastern Red Cedar
Tamarack
Tulip Tree
White Spruce
Sycamore
Quaking Aspen
American Plum
Black Cherry
Common Chokecherry
Swamp White Oak
Bur Oak
Red Oak
Black Willow
Arborvitae
Nannyberry Viburnum
Acer rubrum
Acer saccharum
Amelanchier grandiflora
Betula nigra
Carpinus caroliniana
Carya glabra
Carya ovata
Celtis occidentalis
Cornus alternifolia
Cornus florida
Cornus racemosa
Cratageus spp.
Juniperus virginiana
Larix laricina
Liriodendron tulipifera
Picea glauca
Platanus occidentalis
Populus tremuloides
Prunus americana
Prunus serotina
Prunus virginiana
Quercus bicolor
Quercus macrocarpa
Quercus rubra
Salix nigra
Thuja occidentalis
Viburnum lentago

F
F-P
F-P
F
P-S
P-S
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-S
F-S
F-S
F-P
F
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
P-S
F
F-P
F-P
F
F-P

W-D
A
W-D
A-W
W-A
D
A
W-D
W-D
D-A
W-D
A
A-D
A-W
A
A
A-W
A
W-D
A-W
A
W
W-D
D-A
A-W
A-W
A-D
50-75'
50-75'
12-15'
40-70'
20-30'
50-60'
70-90'
50-75'
15-25'
25-30'
8-15'
15-20'
40-50'
50-75'
70-90'
40-60'
70-100'
20-30'
12-20'
50-80'
20-30'
50-60'
60-75'
60-75'
50+'
20-40'
18'
Buds and young twigs are red; great fall color
Exellent fall color; beautiful large shade tree
White, star-shaped flwrs (Apr-May); Green-red fall color
Modest yellow fall color; seed attracts birds
Good street tree; yellow, orange and scarlet fall color
Golden yellow fall color; rapid growth rate
Yellow to gold brown fall color; squirrels eat nuts
Mild yellow fall color; warty projections on trunk-winter
White flower clusters to black berries; maroon fall color
White flowers in spring become bird-attracting berries
2" Hemispherical inflorescences for week in May/June
Beautiful pink flowers turn into dusky red berries in fall
Offers nesting and cover to birds
Decid. conifer; needles yellow before falling, pink flwrs
Tulip-like flowers of yellow, green, orange (May-June)
Evergreen tree; tolerates somewhat wet or dry soil
Leaves drop all summer; white mottled bark
Light-colored undersided leaves shimmer in wind
White flowers in spring; 1" red or yellow fruit in summer
Prized hardwood; edible fruit; poisonous leaves, twigs
White flowers become baredly edible fruit birds will eat
Yellow to red-purple fall color
Mild yellow-brown fall color
Russet to bright red fall color; grows rapidly
Host plant for butterflies
Evergreen heavily browsed by deer
Creamy, white, flat-topped 5" dia. inflorescences in May
 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.
    Comments
 
  Downy Serviceberry
Indigo Bush
New Jersey Tea
Buttonbush
Silky Dogwood
Roughleaf Dogwood
Hazelnut
Common Witchhazel
Kalm's St. John's Wort
Winterberry
Spicebush
Ninebark
Shrubby Cinquefoil
Fragrant Sumac
Illinois Rose
Shining Willow
Elderberry
Meadowsweet
Stepplebush
Snowberry
Wolfberry
Arowwood Viburnum
Amer. Cranberrybush
Amelanchier arobrea
Amorpha fruticosa
Ceanothus americanus
Cephalanth. occidentalis
Cornus amomum
Cornus drummondii
Corylus americana
Hamamelis virginiana
Hypericum kalmianum
Ilex verticillata
Lindera benzoin
Physocarpus opulifolius
Potentilla fruticosa
Rhus aromatica
Rosa setigera
Salix lucida
Sambucus canadensis
Spiraea alba
Spiraea tomentosa
Symphoricarpus albus
Symphoric. occidentalis
Viburnum dentatum
Viburnum trilobum

F-P
F
F-P
F-P
P-S
F-S
F-S
P-S
F
F
P-S
P-S
F-P
F-P
F
F
F-S
F
F-P
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-P

A-D
A-D
A
W-A
A-W
A-D
A
D-A
D-A
W-A
A
W-D
A-W
D
D
A-W
A-W
A-W
A-W
A
A
D-A
A-W

15-25'
6-15"
3'
5-12'
6-15'
15-25'
12-15'
15-30'
2-3'
6-12'
6-12'
5-10'
1-3'
2-6'
5-6'
20'
5-12'
4'
2-4'
4-6'
3'
5-9'
8-12'

Yellow-orange-red fall color; white flowers in April
Narrow 8-20" racemes of deep-purple gold stamen flwrs
Short spikes of tiny, white flowers in June
Spherical white blossom heads
Flat white flower head mid-spring; not fragrant
Beautiful flowers and fall color; attracts 40+ bird spec.
Edible nuts; suckering
Fragrant, creamy to bright yellow flowers in fall
Yellow flowers Jul-Sep; doesn't respond well to pruning
Red berries feed birds through cold season; holly-like
Tiny fragrant yellow flowers; berries for birds
White flowers May-June; berries for birds; yellow in fall
Bright yellow flowers June-August
Showy orange to reddish-purple fall color
Soft pink flowers with yellow centers bloom in July
Attractive glossy-leaved shrub with yellowish stems
Showy white flowers in July; edible fruit in September
White flowers in June, July
Pink blooms July through September
White to pink bell-shaped flwrs May-Jun; white berries
Flowers May-Jun; seeds ripen Sep-Nov; attracts wildlife
Flowers May-Jun; small blue-black berries in fall
White flowers; edible bright-red bird-attracting fruit

 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Flowering Perennials          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist Ht.      Comments  
  Doll's Eyes
Canada Anemone
Wild Columbine
Jack-in-the-Pulpit
Wild Ginger
Swamp Milkweed
Butterfly Weed
Heath Aster
Smooth Aster
New England Aster
Arrow-leaved Aster
Marsh Marigold
Harebell
Turtlehead
Prairie Coreopsis
Prairie Larkspur
Showy Tick-trefoil
Dutchman's Breeches
Rattlesnake Master
Purple Joe-Pye Weed
Flowering Spurge
Bottle Gentian
Wild Geranium
Prairie Smoke
Sneezeweed
False Sunflower
Alumroot
Wild Blue Flag
Rough Blazing Star
Marsh Blazing Star
Cardinal Flower
Great Blue Lobelia
Wild Lupine
Monkey Flower
Wild Bergamot
Foxglove
Sweet William
Black-Eyed Susan
Compass Plant
Cup Plant
False Spikenard
Stiff Goldenrod
Showy Goldenrod
Common Spiderwort
Trillium
Blue Vervain
Hoary Vervain
Culver's Root
Golden Alexanders
Actea pacypoda
Anemone canadensis
Aquilegia canadensis
Arisaema triphyllum
Asarum canadense
Asclepias incarnata
Asclepias tuberosa
Aster ericoides
Aster laevis
Aster novae-angliae
Aster sagittifolius
Caltha palustris
Campanula rotundifolia
Chelone glabra
Coreopsis palmata
Delphinium virescens
Desmodium canadense
Dicentra cucullaria
Eryngium yuccifolium
Eupatorium purpureum
Euphorbia corollata
Gentiana andrewsii
Geranium maculatum
Geum triflorum
Helenium autumnale
Heliopsis helianthoides
Heuchera americana
Iris versicolor
Liatris aspera
Liatris spicata
Lobelia cardinalis
Lobelia siphilitica
Lupinus perennis
Mimulus ringens
Monarda fistulosa
Penstemon digitalis
Phlox divaricata
Rudbeckia hirta
Silphium laciniatum
Silphium perfoliatum
Smilacina racemosa
Solidago rigida
Solidago speciosa
Tradescantia ohiensis
Trillium grandiflorum
Verbena hastata
Verbena stricta
Veronicast. virginicum
Zizia aurea
P-S
F-P
P-S
P-S
P-S
F-P
F
F
F
F
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
S
F
F-S
F-P
F-P
F-S
F
F
F
P-S
F-P
F
F
F-P
P-S
F-P
F
F-P
F-P
F-P
F
F
F-P
F-P
F
F
F-P
S
F-P
F
F-S
F-S
A
A
A-D
A
A
A-W
D
A-D
A-D
A
A-D
W
A-D
A
D
D
A-D
A
D
A
D
A-W
A
A-D
A
A
A-D
A
A-D
A
W
W
D
W
A-D
A
A
A-D
A
A-W
A
D
A-D
A-D
A
A-W
D
A
A-W

1-2.5'
12-18"
1-2.5'
12+"
6"
3-4'
1-2'
1-3'
2-4'
3-7'
3-5'
1-2'
1-2'
1-3'
18-30"
2-4'
2-5'
1'
2-5'
60"
36"
1-2'
1-2'
6"
3-5'
48-60"
2'
2-3'
2-5'
3'
3-5'
1-3'
2-3'
2-5'
2-5'
2-3'
10-20"
2-3'
5-9'
36"-5'
1-3'
30-48"
1-3'
2-4'
.5-2'
.5"
36"
3-6'
1-2'

Sm. white flwrs Apr-May; Poison white berries Aug-Sep
Strong growing plant produces single white blooms
Unique red and yellow flowers attract hummingbirds
Spathe appears Apr-May; Red berries late summer, fall
Evergreen groundcover with heart-shaped glossy leaves
Clusters of upturned pink flowers draw butterflies
Clusters of brilliant orange flowers June-August
Explodes into profusion of tiny white flowers in fall
Blue flowers appear in unbridled profusion in autumn
Bright lavender flowers with yellow centers late sum-fall
Flowers range from pale blue to lavender to white (fall)
1-1.5" bright yellow flowers in spring and summer
Deep blue bell-shaped flowers June-July
White to pink 1-1.5" flowers summer into fall
Soft yellow daisy-like flowers late spring to mid-summer
Interesting white flowers June-July
Branches with bright pink/purple pea-like flowers (sum)
White and yellow flwrs resembling pantaloons (spring)
Yucca-like foliage; flowers in spherical thistle-like heads
Purple-tinted foliage; large clusters of fluffy red flowers
Bursts with sm. white flwrs with green-yellow centers
Blue flowers in Aug-Oct with bottle-like appearance
1" lavender-purple flowers in spring and summer
Feathery pink seedheads are beautiful in the spring
Daisy-like flowers with red and yellow petals, late sum.
Sunflower-like flowers bloom on much-branched plant
Attractive light-green foliage with bronzy veining, edges
3-4" blue flowers with yellow and white markings
Bright pink-purple stalks of interesting flwrs (Aug-Sep)
Tall purple spikes bloom after 2-3 years
Terminal clusters of 1.5" bright red flowers in fall
Elongated cluster of pale-dark blue flwrs late sum-fall
Spikes of lavender flowers in early summer
1" violet flowers in summer and fall
Intricate lavender flowers attract butterflies (Jul-Sep)
Long-blooming pure white flowers June into midsummer
1.5" rosy-lavender to soft pale flowers cover in spring
2-4" flwr heads with 10-20 yellow petals in sum and fall
Sunflower-like flowers; basal leaves orient north-south
Sunflower-like flowers; pairs of cup-forming leaves
Plumes of white flowers in late spring; bright red berries
Loved by birds, butterflies; Yellow flat-topped flowers
Foot-long wands of blazing yellow in early autumn
Deep-blue flowers bloom late spring and early summer
2-3.5" white-pink flwr on erect stalk with 3 broad petals
Small blue flwrs crowded into terminal spikes (Jun-Oct)
Green pipe cleaner-like flwr spikes with ring of lav flwrs
White spire-like flwrstalks above green leaves (Jul-Aug)
Bright yellow color can brighten shady spot
 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
Find Community Services:
Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Perennial Ferns          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Ht.      Comments  
  Maindenhair Fern
Lady Fern
Sensitive Fern
Cinnamon Fern
Interrupted Fern
Royal Fern
Adiantum pendatum
Athyrium filix-femina
Onoclea sensibilis
Osmunda connamomea
Osmunda claytoniana
Osmunda regalis

S
S
F-P
F-P
S
P

M
A-W
A-W
A-W
W-D
A-W

18-36"
18-24"
12-24"
24-48"
3-4'
2-6'

Airy, fan-shaped blue-green fronds on del. black stems
Delicate, lacy arching fronds; dk-red stems at maturity
Deeply pinnate leaves; poisonous to livestock
Circ. clust. of arching fronds; reddish-colored when fert.
When fertile, middle shrivels for 2-6" (fertile part)
Bi-pinnate blade; pinnae resemble locust tree leaves

 
               
  TREES     SHRUBS    FLOWERING PERENNIALS    FERNS  
 
1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.
 
 

CREDITS:

1. Michigan Native Plant Producers Association.
www.umext.maine.edu/onlinepubs/htmpubs/2500.htm.

2. PlantNative Staff.


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