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NATIVE PLANT LIST - Montana and Wyoming

 
 
   
This is a "starter" list of native plants for Montana and Wyoming. It is intended for residential or commercial landscapers who want to create attractive and varied native landscapes.


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  TREES      SHRUBS      GROUND COVERS & VINES     WILDFLOWERS     GRASSES  
  Trees            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Soil
Moist.
Height
20-yr
   
  Paper Birch
Common Hackberry
Green Ash
Honeylocust
Black Cottonwood
Plains Cottonwood
Colorado Spruce
Limber Pine
Ponderosa Pine
Narrowleaf Cottonwood
Quaking Aspen
Douglas Fir
Bur Oak
Western Mountain Ash
Betula papyrifera
Celtis occidentalis
Fraxinus pennsylvanica
Gleditsia triacanthos
P. balsamif. trichocarpa
P. deltoides - monilifera
Picea pungens
Pinus flexilis
Pinus ponderosa
Populus angustifolia
Populus tremuloides
Pseudotsuga menziesii
Quercus macrocarpa
Sorbus sitchensis
F
P-F
P-F
F
F
F
P-F
F
F
F
F
P-F
F
P-F
W-A
A
A-D
A
W-A
W-A
A
A
W-A
W-A
W-A
A
A
A
25'-35'
15'-20'
20'-30'
15'-20'
40'-50'
40'-50'
16'-20'
12'-20'
16'-20'
30'-40'
15'-20'
12'-18'
18'-25'
10'-15'

 
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Shrubs            
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height
20-yr
   
  Serviceberry
Big Sagebrush
Fourwing Saltbush
Curlleaf Mt. Mahogany
Redosier Dogwood
Shrubby Cinquefoil
Silverberry
Common Juniper
Rocky Mountain Juniper
Winterfat
Lewis' Mockorange
Mallow Ninebark
American Plum
Western Sandcherry
Chokecherry
Skunkbush Sumac
Staghorn Sumac
Golden Current
Woods' Rose
Silver Buffaloberry
Canada Buffaloberry
Common Snowberry

Amelanchier alnifolia
Artemisia tridentata
Atriplex X aptera
Cerocarpus ledifolius
Corn. sericea - servicea
Dasiphora floribunda
Elaeagnus commutata
Juniperus communis
Juniperus scopulorum
Krascheninn. lanata
Philadelphus lewisii
Physocarpus malvaceus
Prunus americana
Prun. pumila v. besseyi
Prunus virginiana
Rhus trilobata
Rhus typhina
Ribes aurenum
Rosa woodsii
Shepherdia argentea
Shepherdia canadensis
Symphoricarpos albus

P-F
F
F
P-F
P-F
P-F
P-F
F
F
F
P-F
P-F
P-F
F
P-F
P-F
P-F
P-F
P-F
F
P-F
P-F

A
D
D
D
H
A
A
A
D
D
A
A
A
A
A
D
D
A
A
D
A
A

6'-8'
3'-6'
1'-3'
4'-8'
6'-8'
1'-3'
4'-8'
3'-5'
10'-12'
1'-3'
3'-6'
2'-3'
8'-10'
3'-5'
10'-12'
3'-6'
8'-10'
3'-5'
4'-5'
6'-12'
3'-5'
1'-3'
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Ground Cover and Vines          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height
   
  Bearberry
Horizontal Juniper
Oregon Grape
Virginia Creeper

Arctostaphylos uva-ursi Juniperus horizontalis
Mahonia repens
Pertheno. quinquefolia
S-P-F
F
P-F
P-F
A
A
A
A
3"-6"
6"-18"
6"-12"

   
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Wildflowers          
  Common Name Scientific Name Sun Moist. Height
   
 

Common Yarrow
Pearlyeverlasting
Little Pussytoes
White Prarieclover
Purple Prarieclover
Echinacea
Sulphur Buckwheat
Blanket Flower
Sticky Geranium
Boreale Sweetvetch
Maximilian Sunflower
Showy Goldeneye
Dotted Gayfeather
Lewis Flax
Lupine
Wildbergamot Beebalm
Plains Pricklypear
Beardtongue
Silverleaf Phacelia
Spiny Phlox
Woolly Cinquefoil
Prarie Coneflower
Scarlet Globemallow
Smooth Blue Aster
Prarie Thermopsis
American Vetch
Soapweed Yucca

Achillea millefolium
Anaphalis margaritacea
Antennaria microphylla
Dalea candida
Dalea purpurea
Echinacea angustifolia
Erigonum umbellatum
Gaillardia aristata
Gerani. viscosissimum
Hedysarum boreale
Helianthus maximiliani
Heliomeris multiflora
Liatris punctata
Linum lewisii
Lupinus
Monardo fistulosa
Opuntia polyacantha
Penstemon
Phacelia hastata
Phlox hoodii
Potentilla hippiana
Ratibida columnifera
Sphaeralcea coccinea
Symphyotrichum laeve
Thermopsis rhombifolia
Vicia americana
Yucca glauca

P-F
P-F
F
F
P-F
F
F
F
P-F
F
F
F
F
P-F
S-P-F
P-F
F
S-P-F
F
F
F
F
F
P-F
F
F
F

D
D
A
A
A
A
D
D
A
A
A
A
D
D
A
A
D
D
D
D
A
D
D
A
D
D
D

1'-2'
1'-2'
1'
1'-3'
1'-2'
2'-3'
1'
3'
2'-3'
1'-2'
4'-6'
3'
1'-2'
1'-2'
1'-2'
2'-4'

1'-4'
1'-2'

1'-2'
1'-3'
1'
2'-3'
1'-2'
1'
1'-2'
 
For more info, enter a plant name
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Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Grasses—Ground Cover and Lawns        
  Common Name Scientific Name Drought
Toler.
Trample
Resist.
Mowing
Toler.
     Comments  
  (Cool Season)
Streamb. Wheatgrass
Thickspike Wheatgrass
Green Needlegrass
Westerm Wheatgrass

(Warm Season)
Buffalograss
Sideoats Grama
Blue Grama

Elymus lanceolatus
Elymus lanceolatus
Nassella viridula
Pascopyrum


Bouchloe dactyloides
Bouteloua curtipendula
Bouteloua gracilis


Good
Good
Mod.
Mod.


Good
Mod.
Excel.


Fair
Fair
Fair
Good


Excel.
Fair
Excel.


Fair
Fair
Fair
Good


Good
Poor
Good


Similar to Thickspike, good seedling vigor
Finer than W. Wheatgrass, good vigor
Best in a mix w/ other cool-season grasses
Forms open sod, bluish in color


Short stature; infrequent mowing
Short stature; infrequent mowing
Tallest of grama grasses

 
For more info, enter a plant name
Find a Nursery in:
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Check Neighboring States?
Sun Exposure
F = Full Sun
P = Part Sun
S = Shade
Soil Moisture
W = Wet
A = Average
D = Dry
  Grasses - Landscape Accent        
  Common Name Scientific Name Height Fall
Color
       Comments  
  (Cool Season)
Indian Ricegrass
Basin Wildrye
Bluebunch Wheatgrass
Prairie Junegrass

(Warm Season)
Big Bluestem
Little Bluestem
Switchgrass
Indiangrass
Sideoats Grama
Blue Grama
Prairie Sandreed

Achn. hymenoides
Leymus cinereus
Pseudoro. spicata
Koeleria macrantha


Andropogon gerardii
Schizachyr. scoparium
Panicum virgatum
Sorghastrum nutans
Bouteloua curtipendula
Bouteloua gracilis
Calamovilfa longifolia

1'-2'
5'-8'
1'-2'
6"-18"


5'-7'
2'-3'
3'-5'
4'-6'
1'-2'
6"-12"
5'-7'


Yellow
Tan
Yellow
Yellow


Red-blue
Reddish
Gold
Bronze
Yellow
Yellow
Yellow

   Bunchgrass; seeds used by birds & mammals
   Bunchgrass; tall stature-good background plant
   Bunchgrass; MT state grass; attractive plant
   Bunchgrass; small stature; blue-green leaves


   Bunchgrass; tall stature; good border plant
   Bunchgrass; shorter bunches with red fall color
   Bunchgrass; seeds used by birds & mammals
   Bunchgrass; tall stature; good border plant
   Bunchgrass; unique seed head
   Bunchgrass; excellent drought tolerance
   Rhizomatous; prefers sandy soil
 
               
  TREES      SHRUBS      GROUND COVERS & VINES     WILDFLOWERS     GRASSES  
 

IMPORTANT CONSIDERATION:

1. While the plants listed above are native to and appropriate for their indicated regions, please recognize that, in some instances, human development alters the characteristics of a site such that it may be advisable to use plants from a neighboring region. For example, plantings in urban and suburban areas may receive reflected heat from streets, sidewalks and/or walls or be in media that receives less moisture than normal (e.g., next to a paved area – the pavement blocks rain from entering soil). Accordingly, using plants from a neighboring region that support higher temperatures and/or drier conditions may be more appropriate.

2. While a plant is native to a region, that does not mean that it will grow everywhere in that region. The characteristics of any site will typically vary from place to place and some plants may do better than others at various places within a site. In other words, a little experimentation might be required.

3. The above list is a starter list. Though adequate for most residential and commercial landscapes, there are many more native plants and should you want to consider them, please inquire at a listed nursery, community service organization, reference book or other resources.

 
 

CREDITS:

1. Creating Native Landscapes in the Northern Great Plains and Rocky Mountains.
Developed in cooperation with Montana Association of Conservation Districts, Lower Musselshell Conservation District, and USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service. To obtain this publication contact : Montana Association of Conservation Districts, 501 North Sanders, Helana, MT 59601 Tel: 406.443.5711
E-mail:mail@macdnet.org.

2. PlantNative Staff.

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